from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of or relating to Mongolia, the Mongols, or their language or culture.
  • adj. Offensive Of or relating to Down syndrome.
  • n. A native or inhabitant of Mongolia.
  • n. A member of the Mongol people.
  • n. Anthropology A member of the Mongoloid racial division.
  • n. A subfamily of the Altaic language family, Mongolian and Kalmyk being the most important members.
  • n. Any of the various spoken and written dialects and languages of the Mongols living in Mongolia and China. Also called Mongol.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of or relating to Mongolia or its peoples, languages, or cultures = Mongol.
  • adj. Anthropology. Resembling or having some of the characteristic physical features of the Mongoloid racial type = Mongoloid.
  • adj. Designating or affected with Down syndrome = Mongol.
  • n. A native or inhabitant of Mongolia = Mongol.
  • n. A group of Altaic languages from Mongolia, specifically Khalkha, the official language of Mongolia.
  • n. A person of Mongoloid physical type; a Mongoloid.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to Mongolia or the Mongols.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Same as Mongol.
  • n. Same as Mongol.
  • n. By extension, a Chinese, or member of the Mongolian race (according to Blumenbach's classification).
  • n. The language of the Mongols, a branch of the Ural-Altaic family. It has three principal dialects — Kalmuck, East Mongolian, and Buriatic.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of or relating to the modern Mongolian People's Republic
  • n. a member of the nomadic peoples of Mongolia
  • n. a family of Altaic language spoken in Mongolia
  • adj. of or relating to the region of Mongolia or its people or their languages or cultures


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Originally from Mongol + -ian, a translation of the German mongalisch (1706). Subsequently, from the name of the country of Mongolia + -an.



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