from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The act of affirming, affirmation
  • n. A decision upholding the decision of a lower court or agency

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.
  • n. A strong declaration; affirmation.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The act of affirming; asseveration; assertion.
  • n. Confirmation; ratification.
  • n. In law: The confirmation by an appellate court of the adjudication of a lower court or officer. Confirmation of a voidable act.


Either affirm +‎ -ance or from Old French afermance (Wiktionary)



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