from The Century Dictionary.
- Characterized by or pertaining to descent by the male line of ancestors. See
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- adjective Pertaining to descent by the male line of ancestors.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective of the male line;
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adjective related on the father's side
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The hypothesized transition from "Early" to "Late Iron Age" circa A.D. 1000 is also said to have included a general movement of settlements from river valleys to hilltops and possibly to have coincided with the origins of the shift from matrilineal to patrilineal kinship, agnatic inheritance, and virilocal marriage among Shona, Sotho, and Nguni peoples south of the Zambezi.
This was the power held by the oldest surviving male ascendant (paterfamilias) over the property, conduct, and survival of his agnatic descendantssons, unmarried daughters, grandchildren by sons, married daughters in sine manu relationships, and daughters-in-law if married with manus, plus slaves (these together constituted the familia).
Beyond the agnatic family, the larger social group was the clan (naf, toxum, or gohr) which comprised several dozen families whose heads shared a common ancestor and within which endogamous marriage was the rule.
First to be discerned is a distinctively Greek element of an agnatic type associated with certain essentially masculine aspects of deities: Zeus (cf. Cook), Poseidon, and Hades; of complex figures like Hermes (cf. Vernant).
And as the legal manumission dissolved a son's previous agnatic relationships, so, too, the person baptized gave up father and mother, &c., and became one of a society of brethren the bond between whom was not physical but spiritual.
The most elementary of these groups is the _maegth_, the association of agnatic and cognatic relations.
The family of the _ius civile_ is the agnatic family; the family of the _ius gentium_ is the cognatic family.
Emancipated children and non-agnatic cognates did not succeed, since they were no part of the family.
In the latter case the community, or the group of tribes, may, perhaps for geographical reasons, not have independently attained the predatory culture in accentuated form, but may at a relatively late date have contracted the agnatic system and the paternal household through contact with another, higher, or characteristically different, culture, which has included these institutions among its cultural furniture.
The group of agnatic kinsmen are mentioned in _Early Law and