from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- adjective Related on or descended from the father's or male side.
- adjective Coming from a common source; akin.
- noun A relative on the father's or male side only.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun Specifically, a kinsman whose connection is traceable exclusively through males; more generally, any male relation by the father's side. See
- Related or akin on the father's side.
- Allied in kind; from a common source: as, “agnate words,” Pownall, Study of Antiquities, p. 168.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- adjective Related or akin by the father's side; also, sprung from the same male ancestor; ; in ths sense it is a correlative of
- adjective Allied; akin.
- noun (Civil Law) A relative whose relationship can be traced exclusively through males.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun A
relativewhose relation is traced only through malemembers of the family.
- adjective Related to someone by male connections or on the paternal side of the family.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun one related on the father's side
- adjective related on the father's side
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
I daresay the closest agnate relative would inherit.
Women remained tied to the domestic sphere and lived under the control of father, husband, or male agnate.
Thou art my agnate, and lovely to behold, -- so thou shouldst not be slain by me, -- yet I shall to-day devour thee!
It was enacted  that all the children should be called to the estate, whether they had been under the power of the testator at the time of his death or not; and female relatives were now allowed to come in for their share "in the third degree," that is, if there was neither a child or an agnate surviving.
This was not much of an improvement; and the principle of agnate succession is the only point in which Roman law failed to give to women those equal rights which it allowed them in other cases.
If there be no male agnate, the [deceased's] clansmen  shall have possession of the estate.
The nearest agnate took, and there was no right of representation, although here again the prætor made innovations which were supplemented by the legislation of Justinian.
The father succeeded to his emancipated child, not as an agnate, but as a manumissor.
The mother was not an agnate, and did not succeed to her children, nor did they succeed to her.
The Twelve Tables provided that, in the absence of children, the nearest agnate should be called: this was known as the statutory succession of the agnates.