from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The psychological theory that association is the basic principle of all mental activity.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A theory that association (of experiences etc) is the basis of consciousness and mental activity
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The doctrine or theory held by associationists.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The psychological theory which regards the laws of association as the fundamental laws of mental action and development. See association of ideas, under association.
- n. Same as Fourierism.
- n. Also associationalism.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (psychology) a theory that association is the basic principle of mental activity
Sorry, no etymologies found.
* In my paper (2001) I consider "associationism" withing the context of two principle dimensions of thought, that being associative learning (conditioning) and habituation.
Like the effects of Mesmerism, gravity, and a host of other phenomena through which post-Enlightenment culture was beginning to encounter its own uncanny nature, the point of post-Baconian scientific observation or post-Lockean associationism, of turning the world over to man's ability to witness it and his place in it, was that the empirical evidence from which we construct our bodies of knowledge was, in fact, merely symptomatic of the world's latency.
An uncontroversial role of Â§17 is to provide a characterization of an object, or more to the point, of a representation of an object, that facilitates a challenge to Humean associationism.
These last two features in particular make Humean associationism a highly economical and simple theory.
However, for present purposes his arguments are interesting chiefly not so much for their elaboration of associationism, but for the light they throw on the development of Scottish philosophy in the nineteenth century.
PDP takes an approach to learning which is response oriented rather than rule-governed and this is because, like behaviorism, it has roots in associationism standford uni behaviourist page
Materialism (as evinced in Lockean associationism) "removes all reality and immediateness of perception, and places us in a dream-world of phantoms and spectres, the inexplicable swarm and equivocal generation of motions in our own brain"
But details aside, the associationism, in its simplest form, clearly amounts to classical conditioning, and if you consider Mill's account of the role of pleasure then there is a strong element of re-inforcement theory.
This became a standard presentation of associationism until Mill's father published his
The idea combines the attractive simplicity of conventionality that associationism makes the basis of music's meaning with the idea that music's order is to be understood in terms of syntax.