from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Ciliated.
- n. Any of various protozoans of the class Ciliata, characterized by numerous cilia.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Ciliated.
- adj. Of or pertaining to the eyelash.
- n. Any of many protozoa, of the class Ciliata, that have many cilia.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Provided with, or surrounded by, cilia; ; endowed with vibratory motion.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Furnished with cilia; bearing cilia.
- In entomology, provided with a row of even, fine, rather stiff, and often curved hairs; fringed: as, a ciliated margin.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. having a margin or fringe of hairlike projections
- adj. of or relating to cilia projecting from the surface of a cell
- adj. of or relating to the human eyelash
- n. a protozoan with a microscopic appendage extending from the surface of the cell
Sorry, no etymologies found.
When studying the chromosomes of Tetrahymena, a unicellular ciliate organism, she identified a DNA sequence that was repeated several times at the ends of the chromosomes.
A beautiful example of this paradigm is a single cell organism called ciliate – the gene assembly process in ciliates has turned out to be a very elegant computational process which even uses one of the basic data structures of computer science: the linked lists!
The ciliate herbivores are then fed upon by larger organisms such as copepods (small crustaceans).
As these cells are small (about a micrometer across) the most likely consumers of Synechococcus or Prochlorococcus are flagellate and ciliate protists.
Similarly, among protists, a radiolarian may capture and ingest, more or less indifferently, a bacterium, an autotrophic flagellate, a herbivorous oligotrich ciliate, or another radiolarian (Fig 2E).
Researchers working with the ciliate Paramecium have discovered that protozoans have a very high mortality rate after conjugation.
Sessile forms (e.g. Suctioria) use haptocysts on feeding tentacles to snag smaller ciliate prey and then suck out the nutritious cytoplasm.
In higher light conditions these algae convert the carbon dioxide produced by the ciliate into oxygen, ensuring an abundant internal supply of oxygen for the ciliate.
These were almost always due to the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax, and sometimes to the ciliate Mesodinium.
The data are publicly available to test the hypothesis at ciliate. org.