from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Ciliated.
  • n. Any of various protozoans of the class Ciliata, characterized by numerous cilia.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Ciliated.
  • adj. Of or pertaining to the eyelash.
  • n. Any of many protozoa, of the class Ciliata, that have many cilia.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Provided with, or surrounded by, cilia; ; endowed with vibratory motion.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Furnished with cilia; bearing cilia.
  • In entomology, provided with a row of even, fine, rather stiff, and often curved hairs; fringed: as, a ciliated margin.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. having a margin or fringe of hairlike projections
  • adj. of or relating to cilia projecting from the surface of a cell
  • adj. of or relating to the human eyelash
  • n. a protozoan with a microscopic appendage extending from the surface of the cell


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • When studying the chromosomes of Tetrahymena, a unicellular ciliate organism, she identified a DNA sequence that was repeated several times at the ends of the chromosomes.

    The 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine - Press Release

  • A beautiful example of this paradigm is a single cell organism called ciliate – the gene assembly process in ciliates has turned out to be a very elegant computational process which even uses one of the basic data structures of computer science: the linked lists!

    De Facto Intelligent Design in Biology

  • The ciliate herbivores are then fed upon by larger organisms such as copepods (small crustaceans).

    Marine microbes

  • As these cells are small (about a micrometer across) the most likely consumers of Synechococcus or Prochlorococcus are flagellate and ciliate protists.

    Marine microbes

  • Similarly, among protists, a radiolarian may capture and ingest, more or less indifferently, a bacterium, an autotrophic flagellate, a herbivorous oligotrich ciliate, or another radiolarian (Fig 2E).

    Marine microbes

  • Researchers working with the ciliate Paramecium have discovered that protozoans have a very high mortality rate after conjugation.


  • Sessile forms (e.g. Suctioria) use haptocysts on feeding tentacles to snag smaller ciliate prey and then suck out the nutritious cytoplasm.


  • In higher light conditions these algae convert the carbon dioxide produced by the ciliate into oxygen, ensuring an abundant internal supply of oxygen for the ciliate.


  • These were almost always due to the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax, and sometimes to the ciliate Mesodinium.

    Iberian Coastal large marine ecosystem

  • The data are publicly available to test the hypothesis at ciliate. org.

    Another Protozoan and Front-Loading


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