from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun Conscious knowledge or recognition; awareness.
  • noun The range of what one can know or understand.
  • noun Observance; notice.
  • noun Law Acknowledgment, recognition, or jurisdiction; the assumption of jurisdiction in a case.
  • noun Heraldry A crest or badge worn to distinguish the bearer.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Knowledge or notice; perception; observation: now chiefly in the phrase take cognizance.
  • noun In law: The exercise of jurisdiction; a taking of authoritative notice, as of a cause.
  • noun Acknowledgment; admission, as a plea admitting the fact alleged in the declaration; a fine sur conusance de droit.
  • noun A plea in replevin, that defendant holds the goods in the right of another as his bailiff or servant. See avowry.
  • noun Any badge borne to facilitate recognition.
  • noun In heraldry, the armorial surcoat, or the crest, when worn, as being the only means by which a man in complete armor could be recognized.
  • noun Also spelled cognisance.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun Apprehension by the understanding; perception; observation.
  • noun Recollection; recognition.
  • noun engraving, engraving, engraving, engraving Jurisdiction, or the power given by law to hear and decide controversies.
  • noun engraving, engraving, engraving, engraving The hearing a matter judicially.
  • noun engraving, engraving, engraving An acknowledgment of a fine of lands and tenements or confession of a thing done.
  • noun engraving A form of defense in the action of replevin, by which the defendant insists that the goods were lawfully taken, as a distress, by defendant, acting as servant for another.
  • noun The distinguishing mark worn by an armed knight, usually upon the helmet, and by his retainers and followers: Hence, in general, a badge worn by a retainer or dependent, to indicate the person or party to which he belonged; a token by which a thing may be known.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun An emblem, badge or device, used as a distinguishing mark by the body of retainers of a royal or noble house.
  • noun Notice or awareness.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun range of what one can know or understand
  • noun range or scope of what is perceived
  • noun having knowledge of


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English conissaunce, from Old French conoissance, from connoistre, to know, from Latin cognōscere, to learn; see cognition.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Equivalent to cognize +‎ -ance


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