from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A solid, amorphous substance, of an amber or blackish-brown color, left after distilling crude turpentine with water; common resin, or rosin.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun Rosin.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun rosin; the residue left after the distillation of oil of turpentine from liquid resin. Used in pharmaceutical preparations, soldering fluxes, and by violinists.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun translucent brittle substance produced from pine oleoresin; used especially in varnishes and inks and on the bows of stringed instruments


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English colofonie, from Latin (rēsīna) colophōnia, (resin) of Colophon, from colophōnia, feminine of colophōnius, of Colophon, from Colophōn, Colophon (known for its pine resin).]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin colophonia ("of Colophon") resina ("resin"); named after the Ionic city of Colophon, which was known as producer of hardened resin.



Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • See a usage note on orpiment.

    March 4, 2008

  • "No significant cracks have emerged since the last restoration, when the paint surfaces were "consolidated"—their gaps filled in, Anne Grevenstein-Kruse wrote to me in an email, "with a solution of animal glue (a proteïn). After that, the surface was covered with a mixture of beeswax, colophony, and lavender oil (to soften the paint). This mixture was melted into the paint structure by using strong heating elements. The surface was then flattened with metal spatulas.""

    "The Flip Side" by Peter Schjeldahl in the New Yorker, November 29, 2010, p 45

    December 9, 2010