from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A low-growing evergreen shrub (Empetrum nigrum) native to cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere and having tiny leaves, small pinkish or purplish flowers, and black, berrylike fruits.
- noun The fruit of this plant.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun The fruit of Empetrum nigrum, so called from its black color; the plant itself, a heath-like evergreen shrub common on heaths in Scotland and the north of England, and found in the northern United States and arctic America. Also called
black crowberryand heathberry.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Bot.) A heathlike plant of the genus Empetrum, and its fruit, a black, scarcely edible berry; -- also called
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun Empetrum; a small
genusof dwarf evergreen shrubs that bear edible fruit.
- noun Empetrum nigrum; a
- noun A fruit of such plant.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a low evergreen shrub with small purple flowers and black berrylike fruit
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The sweet-scented geranium abounded and so did the crowberry, which is a finer and sweeter kind than that which grows nearer the settlement.
In contrast, K. Taulavuori et al. , found decreased frost resistance in bilberry in response to elevated UV-B radiation levels and Beerling et al.  showed decreased frost resistance in bog whortleberry, lingonberry, and mountain crowberry.
Mountain crowberry and lingonberry showed no responses to enhanced UV-B radiation levels after seven years of exposure whereas bog whortleberry and bilberry showed few responses (Table 7.6).
Four dwarf shrubs were studied over the first three years of the experiment; one, the deciduous bilberry, showed increased annual stem growth (length) in the first year whereas two other evergreen dwarf shrubs (mountain crowberry – '' Empetrum hermaphroditum '' and lingonberry) showed reduced growth.
Laine  showed that the reproduction of bilberry ( '' Vaccinium myrtillus '') depended to some extent on the climate in the previous years (see section 14.7.3 for examples of this in trees), whereas Shevtsova et al.  showed no such response for co-occurring lingonberry and crowberry ( '' Empetrum nigrum '').
Bog whortleberry (or bog bilberry – '' Vaccinium uliginosum ''), lingonberry, and mountain crowberry showed increases in leaf ice nucleation temperature exceeding 2.5 °C whereas bilberry showed no significant effect, as in another study .
It consists chiefly of low mats of such herbaceous and shrubby species as dwarf arctic birch, crowberry, Labrador-tea, arctic willow, resin birch, and dwarf blueberry.
Typical species are dwarf birch Betula nana, Arctic crowberry Empetrum nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum and Arctic blueberry Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. microphyllum.
The dwarf scrub communities are dominated by crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) and include other ericads (Vaccinium spp.), arctic willow (Salix arctica), and white mountain-avens (Dryas octopetala).
This is a diverse community of ferns, sedges, grasses, angiosperms and mosses and is dominated by B. palmiforme, crowberry Empetrum rumbrum, grasses and sedges.
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