Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The woman ruler of an empire.
  • n. The wife or widow of an emperor.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The female monarch (ruler) of an empire.
  • n. The wife or widow of an emperor or equated ruler (e.g. Persian shah).
  • v. Alternative form of impress.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The consort of an emperor.
  • n. A female sovereign.
  • n. A sovereign mistress.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A woman who rules over an empire; a woman invested with imperial power or sovereignty.
  • n. The wife or the widow of an emperor: in the latter case called specifically empress dowager.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a woman emperor or the wife of an emperor

Etymologies

Middle English emperesse, from Old French, feminine of empereor, emperor; see emperor.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
emperor +‎ -ess (Wiktionary)

Examples

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