from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An Indian plant (Cichorium endivia) cultivated for its crown of crisp succulent leaves used in salads. Also called frisée.
  • n. Escarole.
  • n. A variety of the common chicory Cichorium intybus cultivated to produce a narrow, pointed, blanched cluster of leaves used in salads. Also called Belgian endive, witloof.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A leafy salad vegetable, Cichorium endivia, which is often confused with chicory.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A composite herb (Cichorium Endivia). Its finely divided and much curled leaves, when blanched, are used for salad.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A plant, Cichorium Endivia, of the natural order Compositæ, distinguished from the chicory, C. Intybus, by its annual root, much longer unequal pappus, and less bitter taste.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched
  • n. variety of endive having leaves with irregular frilled edges


Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin endivia, from Medieval Greek entubia, pl. diminutive of Greek entubon, perhaps from Egyptian tybi, January (because the plant grows in this month).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French endive, from Medieval Latin *endiva or Late Latin *intibus, perhaps from Byzantine Greek *entybon. Ultimately of uncertain origin, indeed perhaps Egyptian Arabic طوبه (tybi, "January"). (Wiktionary)



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