from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- On; upon: epiphyte.
- Over; above: epicenter.
- Around: epicarp.
- Close to; near: epicalyx.
- Besides: epiphenomenon.
- After: epilogue.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- above, over, on, in addition to.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- A prefix, meaning upon, beside, among, on the outside, above, over. It becomes ep-before a vowel, as in epoch, and eph-before a Greek aspirate, as in ephemeral.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A light slender finial of metal or terracotta, ornamenting the extremities or intersections of roof-ridges or forming the termination of a pointed roof or spire.
- n. A prefix (before a vowel ep-, before the rough breathing eph-) of Greek origin, signifying primarily ‘upon, on,’ and variously implying position on, motion to or toward, addition to (a second or subordinate form). See the etymology.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a self-report personality inventory based on Hans Eysenck's factor analysis of personality which assumes three basic factors (the two most important being extraversion to introversion and neuroticism)
The prefix epi- most often means “on” or “over”; pen, not a prefix, is from the Latin pæne, “almost.”
The geophysicist Joseph D. Sides adds, “Writers should be advised that epi- no more intensifies the meaning of center than does pen- intensify the meaning of ultimate.”
The location below the center of a nuclear detonation is, strictly speaking, the hypocenter, with the Greek hypo- meaning “under”; that word was soon overtaken by epicenter the Greek prefix epi- means “on, over”, the outbreaking point on the earth’s surface above the focus of an earthquake.