Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The largest, most prominent muscle of the calf of the leg, the action of which extends the foot and bends the knee.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A superficial muscle of the posterior tibial region, arising from the femur and inserted into the tarsus, the action of which extends the foot upon the leg, and flexes the leg upon the thigh: so called from its character in man, in whom it forms, together with the soleus, the protuberant or “bellying” part of the calf of the leg.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Anat.) The muscle which makes the greater part of the calf of the leg.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The muscle at the back of the calf, whose insertion is the Achilles tendon at the heel.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the muscle in the back part of the leg that forms the greater part of the calf; responsible for the plantar flexion of the foot

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[New Latin gastrocnēmius, from Greek gastroknēmiā, calf of the leg : gastro-, belly (from its bellylike shape); see gastro– + knēmē, leg.]

Examples

  • Works upper and lower legs quadriceps, hamstrings, gastrocnemius

    The Life You Want

  • Works upper and lower legs quadriceps, hamstrings, gastrocnemius

    The Life You Want

  • Compared with a control group of women who usually wore flat shoes, the stiletto wearers 'Achilles tendons were about 20% stiffer, and the fibers of the gastrocnemius muscle in their calves were about 12% shorter.

    A Long Legacy of Affection

  • Works upper and lower legs quadriceps, hamstrings, gastrocnemius

    The Life You Want

  • The other major muscle group in the leg is the gastrocnemius, the big calf muscle.

    THE PROGRAM

  • Together, the quadriceps, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius form the big-muscle trio that surrounds and supports your knee.

    THE PROGRAM

  • The symptoms of "tennis leg" most commonly results from an acute rupture of the Achilles tendon and less frequently, by a tear in one of the calf muscles, the gastrocnemius muscle, or the plantaris tendon.

    Helene Pavlov: Tennis Season Is Here -- All About a Common Noncontact Injuries in the Lower Leg

  • The other major muscle group in the leg is the gastrocnemius, the big calf muscle.

    THE PROGRAM

  • Together, the quadriceps, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius form the big-muscle trio that surrounds and supports your knee.

    THE PROGRAM

  • Example is when the gastrocnemius (calf) muscle raises the weight of the body on the toes.

    Muscles Part 1

Comments

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  • "And whether he would have ever escaped out of the town it is hard to say, if the dog had not taken it into his head that they were going to pull his master in pieces, and tackled them so sharply about the gastrocnemius muscle that he gave them some business of their own to think of at last; and while they were rubbing their bitten calves, Tom and the dog got safe away."

    _from Water Babies - Charles Kingsley, 1937

    January 31, 2008

  • "He took the most particular notice of her progression, her muscular movements, the paucity of the gluteus maximus, the odd disposition and contraction of the gastrocnemius, and on the other hand the prodigious breadth of shoulder and very powerful great arms—clearly an animal made for moving among trees."

    --Patrick O'Brian, The Thirteen Gun Salute, 221–222

    March 5, 2008

  • I presume he was referring to a non-human animal, c_b? Because I didn't think that until I got to the last phrase....

    March 5, 2008

  • Yes, he was watching an orang-utang. I purposely left that part out. Makes it a rather interesting excerpt. :)

    March 6, 2008

  • You sly dog, you.

    I mean bear.

    March 6, 2008