from The Century Dictionary.
- noun Literally, knowledge of the earth: a geological term variously used.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun That part of geology which treats of the materials of the earth's structure, and its general exterior and interior constitution.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun The geological study of the
Earth's structure and composition.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The recent progress of geognosy, that is to say, the more extended knowledge of the geognostic epochs characterized by differences of mineral formations, by the peculiarities and succession of the organisms contained within them, and by the position of the strata, whether uplifted or inclined horizontally, leads us, by means of the causal connection existing among all natural phenomena, to the distribution of solids and fluids into the continents and seas which constitute the upper crust of our planet.
As professor at Freiberg beginning in 1775, after, rather than before Guettard's work, he trained the students who, returning to their own countries, spread the new science which he called "geognosy" but they called "Wernerism" and "Neptunism."
Science boasts of being the handmaid of religion; yet there are names of note in her ranks who have labored rather to invest this phenomenon with the mantle of fable, and to force it into collision with the records graven on the rocky pages of geognosy.
Second, all of my life I have made a profound study of geognosy and geotectonic geology.
Knowledge of science, too, was only just beginning; botany, geology, and geognosy were very slightly diffused; glacier theories were undreamt of.
These sciences really form one -- geognosy, or the science of the formation of the earth.
We cannot help asking what business have paper money and political economy and geognosy here?
If the government would order the Capitania – General of Caracas to be carefully examined during a series of years by men of science, well versed in geognosy and chemistry, the most satisfactory results might be expected.
The phenomena of geognosy, particularly those which are connected with the stratification of rocks, and their grouping, are never solitary; but are found the same in both hemispheres.
In the study of formations, which is the great end of geognosy, the knowledge acquired in the old and new worlds should be made to furnish reciprocal aid to each other.