Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Marked by hearty conviviality and good cheer.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Pertaining to or characteristic of the god Jove or Jupiter; Jove-like; powerful; majestic: as, Jovial attributes.
  • Of or pertaining to the planet Jupiter: as, the Jovial satellites.
  • In astrology, under the influence of the planet Jupiter; derived from Jupiter as a natal planet, which, like Jove himself, was regarded as the source of joy and happiness: as, the Jovial temperament.
  • Hence [lowercase] Characterized by cheerfulness or gaiety; joyous; merry; jolly: opposed to grave: as, a jovial fellow.
  • [lowercase] In alchemy, of or pertaining to tin.
  • Synonyms Mirthful, etc. See jolly.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective obsolete Of or pertaining to the god, or the planet, Jupiter.
  • adjective obsolete Sunny; serene.
  • adjective Gay; merry; joyous; jolly; mirth-inspiring; hilarious; characterized by mirth or jollity

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective obsolete Pertaining to Jove or Zeus; Jovian.
  • adjective obsolete Pertaining to the planet Jupiter; Jovian.
  • adjective astrology, obsolete Under the influence of the planet Jupiter (considered a source of happiness).
  • adjective Merry; cheerful and good-humored.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective full of or showing high-spirited merriment

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[French, from Middle French, under the favorable astrological influence of the planet Jupiter, jovial, from Old Italian, from Late Latin Ioviālis, of Jupiter, from Latin Iuppiter, Iov-, Jupiter; see dyeu- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From French jovial, from Italian gioviale, from Latin ioviālis, from Iovis ("Jove"), i.e. Jupiter, the planet which was thought by astrologers to bring jollity.

Examples

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