from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Marked by hearty conviviality and good cheer: a jovial host.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Pertaining to Jove or Zeus; Jovian.
  • adj. Pertaining to the planet Jupiter; Jovian.
  • adj. Under the influence of the planet Jupiter (considered a source of happiness).
  • adj. Merry; cheerful and good-humored.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to the god, or the planet, Jupiter.
  • adj. Sunny; serene.
  • adj. Gay; merry; joyous; jolly; mirth-inspiring; hilarious; characterized by mirth or jollity

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Pertaining to or characteristic of the god Jove or Jupiter; Jove-like; powerful; majestic: as, Jovial attributes.
  • Of or pertaining to the planet Jupiter: as, the Jovial satellites.
  • In astrology, under the influence of the planet Jupiter; derived from Jupiter as a natal planet, which, like Jove himself, was regarded as the source of joy and happiness: as, the Jovial temperament.
  • Hence [lowercase] Characterized by cheerfulness or gaiety; joyous; merry; jolly: opposed to grave: as, a jovial fellow.
  • [lowercase] In alchemy, of or pertaining to tin.
  • Synonyms Mirthful, etc. See jolly.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. full of or showing high-spirited merriment


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

French, probably from Italian giovale, from Old Italian, of Jupiter (regarded as the source of happiness), from Late Latin Ioviālis, from Latin Iuppiter, Iov-, Jupiter.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From French jovial, from Italian gioviale, from Latin ioviālis, from Iovis ("Jove"), i.e. Jupiter, the planet which was thought by astrologers to bring jollity.


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