from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A diacritical mark placed above a vowel to indicate a long sound or phonetic value in pronunciation, such as (ā) in the word make.
- n. The horizontal mark ( ¯ ) used to indicate a stressed or long syllable in a foot of verse.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters. It usually is used to indicate that the pronunciation of the vowel is long, in Mandarin pinyin (Chinese), it indicates the first tone, e.g. chūzūchē.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A short, straight, horizontal mark [-], placed over vowels to denote that they are to be pronounced with a long sound; as, ā, in dāme; ē, in sēam, etc.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In grammar, a short horizontal line placed over a vowel to show that it is long in quantity, or, as in English, has a “long” sojnd: opposed to the breve, or mark of a short vowel.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a diacritical mark (-) placed above a vowel to indicate a long sound
Now I know that the long mark is called a macron and the short mark is called a breve.
For years, though, the dude studying the macron was my pet example of scholarship's willful obscurity; I'm pretty sure I trotted out that story more than once when explaining why I didn't think I should go to grad school.
These are differentiated in the beginner Latin-Reader textbooks using a 'macron' which is a bar that goes over the long characters.
My favorite dessert is the coconut only macaroon, and the other is hot chocolate with a dark chocolate French macron.
An analysis of the use of the macron in Greek texts of a certain period.
I also corrected a missing macron in Akkadian muḫaddū which is important because the length is a sign of a reduction of a weak consonant.
Shokonsha の第一音節、Shinto の第二音節、Togo は二つの音節とも o に macron が附されてゐるが入力の便宜上省いた。
Unfortunately, Unicode's combining double macron and breve are not widely supported yet.
You indicated that the original pronunciation of karate may have been ‘toote’ sorry, no macron.
The convention is to write two vowels if you can't produce a macron; no umlauts please!