Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of or relating to mathematics.
  • adj. Precise; exact.
  • adj. Absolute; certain.
  • adj. Possible according to mathematics but highly improbable: The team has only a mathematical chance to win the championship.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of, or relating to mathematics
  • adj. Possible but highly improbable

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to mathematics; according to mathematics; hence, theoretically precise; accurate

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Of, pertaining to, or relating to mathematics; having to do with pure quantity; quantitative: as, mathematical knowledge; mathematical instruments; a mathematical theory.
  • According to the principles of mathematics; theoretically precise; absolutely accurate; strict; rigid; demonstrable: as, mathematical exactness; mathematical certainty.
  • Geometrical, as opposed to arithmetical and algebraical: an incorrect use, formerly current.
  • Astrological; magical.
  • Produced by mathematics, as pure figures and number.
  • Mathematics.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. beyond question
  • adj. statistically possible though highly improbable
  • adj. relating to or having ability to think in or work with numbers
  • adj. characterized by the exactness or precision of mathematics
  • adj. of or pertaining to or of the nature of mathematics

Etymologies

Middle English, from Medieval Latin mathēmaticālis, from Latin mathēmaticus, from Greek mathēmatikos, from mathēma, mathēmat-, science, learning, from manthanein, math-, to learn; see mendh- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • Art as a mathematical formulaFor his project, Keren tackled the problem by essentially breaking visually stunning masterpieces into sets of mathematical  formulas.

    Teaching a Computer to Appreciate Art

  • The difference between the ˜anthropological™ and the mathematical account is that in the first we are not tempted to speak of ˜mathematical facts,™ but rather that in this account the facts are never mathematical ones, never make mathematical propositions true or false.

    Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics

  • MIKE HUCKABEE, (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Well, Seth, the media loves to throw around the term mathematical and possibility.

    CNN Transcript Feb 24, 2008

  • Regularity in habits was impossible to a student who had prolonged fits of what he called his mathematical trances.

    Great Astronomers

  • The two principles above mentioned, which I called mathematical, in consideration of the fact of their authorizing the application of mathematic phenomena, relate to these phenomena only in regard to their possibility, and instruct us how phenomena, as far as regards their intuition or the real in their perception, can be generated according to the rules of a mathematical synthesis.

    The Critique of Pure Reason

  • Hierarchy: in mathematical terms, it is a partially ordered set.

    A New Book

  • The use of Peano arithmetic is fairly pervasive in mathematical physics, hence, at first sight, this appears to be highly damaging to the prospects for a final Theory of Everything in physics.

    Archive 2009-06-01

  • I cringe every time you think in mathematical terms.

    Matthew Yglesias » Michael Steele’s Bad Math

  • However, modern theorists like Demski, Behe and Meyer then enter the fray with the weapons of logic, reformulating the watchmaker metaphor (the complexity of a watch is proof of a watchmaker), and in mathematical and biochemical terms, focusing primarily on the inadequacy of Darwinism for the emergence of complex life.

    SciFi, Fantasy & Horror Collectibles - Part 1010

  • Maybe the authors made some of these points (in mathematical garb)?

    Promising Abstract, Disappointing Paper, Arnold Kling | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty

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