from The Century Dictionary.
- noun The purpurate of ammonia of Prout (probably C8H8N6O6).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Chem.) A crystalline nitrogenous substance (C8H8N6O6, 5-5'-nitrilodibarbituric acid monoammonium salt) having a splendid dichroism, being green by reflected light and garnet-red by transmitted light. It was formerly used in dyeing calico, and was obtained in a large quantities from guano. It is now synthesized from alloxan. Formerly called also
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun organic chemistry
Ammonium purpurate, the ammonium saltof purpuric acid, used as a complexometricindicator and a colorimetric reagent.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The first murexide sent into the market was a reddish-purple powder, dissolving in water with a fine purple tint, leaving a little residue undissolved.
When sulphuretted hydrogen is passed through a concentrated solution of murexide, it is immediately decoloured; a fact which renders it likely that murexide pigments would be as liable to suffer from an impure atmosphere, as from exposure to light and air.
We are not aware that murexide has yet been brought forward as a pigment, and judging from its character as a dye, it would scarcely enrich the palette.
A little ammonia is then added, when the fine _purple_ murexide stain will be produced.
The third group includes safflower, magenta, and murexide (light shades).
When an alkaline solution of murexide is precipitated by an acid, a light shining powder results, called purpuric acid.
All of these, however, being more or less soluble in water, and owing their colours to murexide, would be ill adapted for pigments.
A special character of this dye (murexide) is the presence of mercury, the salts of which serve as mordants for fixing it, and may be detected by the ordinary reagents.
It is not there: I find not the least trace of murexide.
The problem is solved: the colouring-matter which has just formed is murexide; and consequently the powdery substance which filled the cells was none other than uric acid, or more precisely ammonium urate.