from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A ruler of a Muslim country, especially of the former Ottoman Empire.
  • noun A powerful person.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A Mohammedan sovereign: as, the Sultan of Zanzibar or of Morocco; by way of eminence, the ruler of Turkey, who assumes the title of Sultan of sultans; in old use, any ruler.
  • noun In ornithology, a purple or hyacinthine gallinule, or porphyrio; a bird of either of the genera Porphyrio and Ionornis, belonging to the rail family, Rallidæ: so called from their gorgeous coloration. The American sultan is Ionornis martinica. See the generic names, and gallinule. Also called sultana.
  • noun An ornamental variety of the domestic hen, of small size and pure-white plumage, and having the head heavily crested and bearded, beak white, legs blue, shanks feathered, and toes five.
  • noun Either of two garden-flowers, Centaurea moschata, the sweet sultan, with purple or white flowers, and C. suaveolens, the yellow sultan: both often classed as Amberboa.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A ruler, or sovereign, of a Mohammedan state; specifically, the ruler of the Turks; the Padishah, or Grand Seignior; -- officially so called.
  • noun (Bot.) See Sweet sultan, under Sweet.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun Originally, a secular office, formally subordinate to -, but de facto the power behind the throne of the (theoretically universal) caliph.
  • noun A hereditary ruler in various Muslim states (sultanate), varying from petty principalities (as in Indonesia and in Yemen), often vassal of a greater ruler, to independent realms, such as Oman, Brunei, or an empire such as the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
  • noun A variant of solitaire, played with two decks of cards.
  • noun A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the ruler of a Muslim country (especially of the former Ottoman Empire)


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[French, from Old French, ruler of Turkey, from Turkish, from Arabic sulṭān, from Aramaic šulṭānā, ruler, from šəlaṭ, to rule; see šlṭ in Semitic roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Old French, from Turkish sultan, from Arabic سلطان (sulṭān), from Aramaic  (šultānā, "strength, authority").



Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.