Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment.
  • noun A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
  • noun The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, usually about 37.0°C (98.6°F) in humans.
  • noun An abnormally high condition of body heat caused by illness; a fever.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In phenology, the temperature below which the germination of the seed and the growth of the plant do not take place.
  • noun Mixture, or that which is produced by mixture; a compound.
  • noun Constitution; state; temperament.
  • noun Moderation; freedom from passions or excesses.
  • noun Temper, as of metals.
  • noun Temperateness; mildness.
  • noun The state of a substance with regard to sensible heat; the degree or intensity of the sensible heat of a body.
  • noun Specifically, the thermal element of weather or climate.
  • noun In physiology and pathology, the degree of heat of a living body, especially of the human body. It is usually taken, clinically, in the axilla, under the tongue, or in the rectum.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun Constitution; state; degree of any quality.
  • noun obsolete Freedom from passion; moderation.
  • noun (Physics) Condition with respect to heat or cold, especially as indicated by the sensation produced, or by the thermometer or pyrometer; degree of heat or cold
  • noun obsolete Mixture; compound.
  • noun (Physiol. & Med.) The degree of heat of the body of a living being, esp. of the human body; also (Colloq.), loosely, the excess of this over the normal (of the human body 98°-99.5° F., in the mouth of an adult about 98.4°).
  • noun (Physics) See under Absolute.
  • noun (Physiol.) the nearly constant temperature maintained in the bodies of warm-blooded (homoiothermal) animals during life. The ultimate source of the heat is to be found in the potential energy of the food and the oxygen which is absorbed from the air during respiration. See Homoiothermal.
  • noun (Physiol.) the faculty of perceiving cold and warmth, and so of perceiving differences of temperature in external objects.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun obsolete The state or condition of being tempered or moderated.
  • noun archaic The balance of humours in the body, or one's character or outlook as considered determined from this; temperament.
  • noun A measure of cold or heat, often measurable with a thermometer.
  • noun An elevated body temperature, as present in fever and many illnesses.
  • noun when not used in relation with something The temperature(1) of the immediate environment.
  • noun this sense?) (medicine) Body temperature noted as: cool, cold, warm, or hot as part of the skin signs assessment

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
  • noun the somatic sensation of cold or heat

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English, temperate weather, Latin temperātūra, due measure, from temperātus, past participle of temperāre, to mix; see temper.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From French température and its source Latin temperatura, from the past participle stem of tempero ("I temper").

Examples

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