Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment.
  • n. A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
  • n. The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, usually about 37.0°C (98.6°F) in humans.
  • n. An abnormally high condition of body heat caused by illness; a fever.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The state or condition of being tempered or moderated.
  • n. The balance of humours in the body, or one's character or outlook as considered determined from this; temperament.
  • n. A measure of cold or heat, often measurable with a thermometer.
  • n. An elevated body temperature, as present in fever and many illnesses.
  • n. The temperature(1) of the immediate environment.
  • n. this sense?) (medicine) Body temperature noted as: cool, cold, warm, or hot as part of the skin signs assessment

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Constitution; state; degree of any quality.
  • n. Freedom from passion; moderation.
  • n. Condition with respect to heat or cold, especially as indicated by the sensation produced, or by the thermometer or pyrometer; degree of heat or cold
  • n. Mixture; compound.
  • n. The degree of heat of the body of a living being, esp. of the human body; also (Colloq.), loosely, the excess of this over the normal (of the human body 98°-99.5° F., in the mouth of an adult about 98.4°).

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In phenology, the temperature below which the germination of the seed and the growth of the plant do not take place.
  • n. Mixture, or that which is produced by mixture; a compound.
  • n. Constitution; state; temperament.
  • n. Moderation; freedom from passions or excesses.
  • n. Temper, as of metals.
  • n. Temperateness; mildness.
  • n. The state of a substance with regard to sensible heat; the degree or intensity of the sensible heat of a body.
  • n. Specifically, the thermal element of weather or climate.
  • n. In physiology and pathology, the degree of heat of a living body, especially of the human body. It is usually taken, clinically, in the axilla, under the tongue, or in the rectum.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
  • n. the somatic sensation of cold or heat

Etymologies

Middle English, temperate weather, Latin temperātūra, due measure, from temperātus, past participle of temperāre, to mix; see temper.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French température and its source Latin temperatura, from the past participle stem of tempero ("I temper"). (Wiktionary)

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