from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of several forms of infectious disease caused by rickettsia, especially those transmitted by fleas, lice, or mites, and characterized generally by severe headache, sustained high fever, depression, delirium, and the eruption of red rashes on the skin. Also called prison fever, ship fever, typhus fever.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. One of several similar diseases, characterised by high recurrent fever, caused by Rickettsiae bacteria. Not to be confused with typhoid fever.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A contagious continued fever lasting from two to three weeks, attended with great prostration and cerebral disorder, and marked by a copious eruption of red spots upon the body. Also called jail fever, famine fever, putrid fever, spottled fever, etc. See Jail fever, under jail.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A fever accompanied by great prostration, usually delirium, and an eruption of small reddishpurple spots; ship-fever; jail-fever. Compare typhus fever under fever.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever


New Latin tȳphus, from Greek tūphos, stupor arising from a fever, vapor, from tūphein, to smoke.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From New Latin typhus, from Ancient Greek τῦφος (typhos, "fever, stupor"), of uncertain origin (Wiktionary)



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