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from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The threads that run crosswise in a woven fabric, at right angles to the warp threads.
  • n. The texture of a fabric.
  • n. The characteristically deep, gruff bark of a dog.
  • n. A sound similar to a woof.
  • intransitive v. To make this sound.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. the set of yarns placed crosswise in a loom, interlaced with the warp, carried by the shuttle.
  • n. A fabric; the texture of a fabric.
  • n. The sound a dog makes when barking.
  • interj. Expression of strong physical attraction for someone.
  • v. To make a woofing sound
  • Well Off Older Folks
  • Work on organic farm

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The threads that cross the warp in a woven fabric; the weft; the filling; the thread usually carried by the shuttle in weaving.
  • n. Texture; cloth.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The thread that is carried by the shuttle and is woven into the warp by being passed back and forth through successive sheds, or partings made in the warp or lengthwise threads by the action of heddles; the threads that run from side to side of a web; the weft.
  • n. Texture; cloth: as. a pall of softest woof.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving


Alteration (influenced by warp) of Middle English oof, from Old English ōwef : ō-, on, on; see on + wefan, to weave.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English oof, owf, from Old English ōwef, āwef, from ō- ("on") + wef ("web"), from wefan ("to weave"), from Proto-Germanic *webanan (to weave), from Proto-Indo-European *webh-/*wobh- (to weave, to lace together). (Wiktionary)
Onomatopoeic. (Wiktionary)


  • They are then called upon to "weave the warp, and weave the woof," perhaps, with no great propriety; for it is by crossing the _woof_ with the _warp_ that men _weave_ the _web_ or piece; and the first line was dearly bought by the admission of its wretched correspondent, "give ample room and verge enough [198]."

    The Works of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. in Nine Volumes Volume the Eighth: The Lives of the Poets, Volume II

  • 'are called upon to "Weave the warp, and weave the woof," perhaps with no great propriety; for it is by crossing the _woof_ with the _warp_ that men weave the _web_ or piece; and the first line was dearly bought by the admission of its wretched correspondent, "Give ample room and verge enough."

    Life of Johnson, Volume 2 1765-1776

  • STRANGER: Again, if a person were to say that the art of making the warp and the woof was the art of weaving, he would say what was paradoxical and false.

    The Statesman

  • STRANGER: And the threads which are more loosely spun, having a softness proportioned to the intertexture of the warp and to the degree of force used in dressing the cloth, — the threads which are thus spun are called the woof, and the art which is set over them may be called the art of spinning the woof.

    The Statesman

  • The woof is the thread that in weaving is carried by the shuttle through the threads of the "warp" -- here it means the "filling."

    Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 10 The Guide

  • And the music still kept spinning and spinning, and finally wove in the color and fragrance and light with its subtile self; and the background of the woof was the hum and murmur of voices, and the continual rustling of feet.

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 08, No. 49, November, 1861

  • The thread for the filling (called the woof by the negroes) was reeled from the hank on the winding-blades, upon small canes about four inches long which, when full, were placed in the wooden shuttles.

    Home Life in Colonial Days

  • Dear Readers: My mini schnauzer, Cabbie, greets my secretaries each day with a cheerful "woof" (or several) because she knows they will give her a treat (or several)!

    Hints From Heloise

  • Woofer requires each "woof" to include a minimum of 1,400 characters, whereas Twitter limits each tweet to just 140.

    One year later, Twitter parody site Woofer hits 2 billion characters

  • McCain was diplomatic on his views of same sex marriages ....... at least he didn't "woof" some political explanation to advance his candidacy.

    Ellen asks McCain to walk her down the aisle


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  • "Weave we the woof. The thread is spun. The web is wove. The work is done."

    The Bard: A Pindaric Ode

    June 4, 2012

  • To threaten, perhaps a bluff, or perhaps not.

    July 27, 2009