Auftragstaktik, from Auftrag and Taktik; a command concept in which even the most junior officers were required to make far reaching decisions; also known as Mission Command in the US and UK. During a war game critique Helmuth Karl Bernhard Graf von Moltke decreed that "as a rule an order should contain only what the subordinate for the achievement of his goals cannot determine on his own." Everything else was to be left to the commander on the spot.
As used in software estimating, a Petta, or Petta Unit, is a period of 3-months in which to complete an entire application. Freely adopted from the Friedman unit, a neologism coined by Duncan Black to describe journalist Thomas Friedman's repeated use of "the next six months" as the period in which, according to Friedman, "we're going to find out...whether a decent outcome is possible" in the Iraq War. Wikipedia: Friedman Unit
When a trademarked name becomes so closely identified with a material that most consumers cannot express a desire for the material without using, or at least thinking, about that name. See former trademarks Cellophane and Linoleum. Genericide is to be avoided for those who are trying to create a brand name that can be a protectable trademark.
AKA Charlie Foxtrot for the military phonetic initials, a cluster fuck is disastrous situation originating from above, at least several pay grades, with the 'cluster' in this use the oak cluster worn by officers at the Major and Colonel level. Lack of communication and common sense, as well as a rigid hierarchy are usually involved. A close relative to FUBAR.
Finnish word for a encircled enemy force, aka a kessel in German. From mottius the innovative Finnish tactic in the Winter and Continuation wars to break up Soviet forces into pockets by the use of light and highly mobile forces that then allowed the isolated pocket, sometimes composed of stronger forces, to 'cook' until it ran out of supplies. One of the most celebrated examples is the battle of Suomussalami
Alternating action of coordinated units to advance upon an objective, where one unit provides overwatch and suppressing fire while the other unit advances - also known as leapfrogging. Essential small unit tactic in urban and close quarters combat. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bounding_Overwatch
Another name for 18th century coffee houses. Those attending (after paying a penny) had access to coffee and conversation and the resultant climate favored agitation. Lloyd's of London sprung from this milieu. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penny_University
Leaves no option to retreat or back out of a course of action once committed. Simply put, no going back. This expression dates to Hernando Cortez and the Spanish conquest of Mexico (1519) where upon landing his forces he ordered his ships burned to present no option for escape to his troops.
Mitznefet is a Hebrew word. Slate offers the following: "One common translation is "clown hat," but the term has some more dignified connotations. The biblical Book of Exodus uses mitznefet to describe the ancient headgear of the Jewish high priests. As such, the word has been translated as "mitre" or "headdress." But some biblical scholars think mitznefet comes from the root "to wrap," and say that a better translation would be "turban."
US Marine mocking slang for Fallujah, Iraq (a play on the stateside music festival Lollapalooza) which evolved a lashed-up psywar 'soundtrack' of hard rock, metal rap, horror film samples, and scatological insults designed to taunt and intimidate the insurgent enemy while priming the Marines for close quarter combat. Platoons in Lt. Colonel Brennan Bryne's 1/5 (1st Battalion/5th Marines) "competed to dream up the filthiest insults for the translators to scream over the louspeakers. When enraged Iraqis rushed from a mosque blindly firing their AKs, the Marines shot them down." Sonic exchanges played out day and night between the loudspeakers of Marines and Army psywar units and the mujahadeen mullahs.
Lt. Colonel Bryan McCoy would play "Let the Bodies Hit the Floor" by Drowning Pool at full blast to his assembled 3/4 Marines before battle. Other examples include "Welcome to the Jungle" by Guns and Roses and "Hells Bells" by AC/DC.
Source: No True Glory: A Frontline Account of the Battle for Fallujah by Bing West (2005)
In a range of hills, or especially of mountains, a pass (also gap, notch, col, saddle, bwlch, brennig or bealach) is a lower point that allows easier access through a range. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bealach
From Wikipedia: The term originated as an abstraction of the sequence: single, double, triple, quadruple, quintuple, n-tuple. A tuple of length n is usually described as an n-tuple. In mathematics, a tuple is a sequence (also known as an "ordered list") of values, called the components of the tuple. These components can be any kind of mathematical objects, where each component of a tuple is a value of a specified type