American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. One associated with or characterized by: beatnik; peacenik.
- n. Appended to words to create a nickname for a person who exemplifies, endorses, or is associated with the thing or quality specified (by the base form), often a particular ideology or preference.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A suffix attached to other words indicating a person with certain characteristics or associated with a certain group or behavior; it is sometimes used derogatorily.
- From the Slavic suffix (Russian: -ник (-nik)). This suffix experienced a surge in English coinages for nicknames and diminutives after the 1957 Soviet launch of the first Sputnik satellite. English usage is heavily influenced by Yiddish usage of -nik and similar borrowed words (nogoodnik, nudnik, kibbutznik). (Wiktionary)
- Yiddish and Russian (Yiddish, from Russian), of Slavic origin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
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I'm sure you can tell what's going on here, but I'll dump in what I can think of now and structure/explain/delete those I decide don't fit later - might strip out the ones that haven't been resegme...
English borrowings from Slavic languages; in some cases, a word might be rooted in another language but entered English from a Slavic language (e.g. nihilism was popularized by Ivan Turgenev, as ни...
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