Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Indo-Iranian. No longer in technical use.
  • n. A member of the people who spoke the parent language of the Indo-European languages. No longer in technical use.
  • n. A member of any people speaking an Indo-European language. No longer in technical use.
  • n. In Nazism and neo-Nazism, a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially one of Nordic type, supposed to be part of a master race.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A member of an (alleged) master race comprised of non-Jewish Caucasians, especially those of Nordic or Germanic descent.
  • n. A person of Caucasian ethnicity; a white non-Jew.
  • n. A Caucasian racist, often one who is an Aryan in the first sense.
  • n. An Indo-European, a Proto-Indo-European.
  • n. An Indo-Iranian.
  • n. A subdivision of the Caucasian race, which comprised the Aryans, the Semites, and the Hamites, or the accompanying linguistic subdivision.
  • adj. Pertaining, in racial theories, to the (alleged) Aryan master race.
  • adj. Pertaining to the Caucasian ethnicity.
  • adj. Pertaining to Caucasian racists or their organisations, theories, etc.
  • adj. Of or pertaining to Indo-Iranian peoples, cultures, and languages.
  • adj. Of or pertaining to Indo-European peoples, cultures and languages.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to the people called Aryans; Indo-European; Indo-Germanic.
  • n. One of a primitive people supposed to have lived in prehistoric times, in Central Asia, east of the Caspian Sea, and north of the Hindu Kush and Paropamisan Mountains, and to have been the stock from which sprang the Hindu, Persian, Greek, Latin, Celtic, Teutonic, Slavonic, and other races; one of that ethnological division of mankind called also Indo-European or Indo-Germanic.
  • n. The language of the original Aryans.
  • n. a non-Jewish caucasian of Nordic stock; -- a classification used by Nazis, having no anthropological basis.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Of or pertaining to the Aryans or to their speech. See II.
  • n. A member of the eastern or Asiatic division of the Indo-European family, occupying the territories between Mesopotamia and the Bay of Bengal, in the two subdivisions of Persia, or Iran, and India.
  • n. An Indo-European or Indo-German or Japhetite; a member of that section of the human race which includes the Hindus and Iranians (Persians) as its eastern or Asiatic division, and the Greeks, Italians, Celts, Slavonians, and Germans or Teutons as its western or European division.
  • n. Many words still live in India and England that have witnessed the first separation of the northern and southern Aryans, and these are witnesses not to be shaken by any cross-examination. The terms for God, for house, for father, mother, son, daughter, for dog and cow, for heart and tears, for axe and tree, identical in all the Indo-European idioms, are like the watchwords of soldiers. We challenge the seeming stranger; and whether he answer with the lips of a Greek, a German, or an Indian, we recognize him as one of ourselves. There was a time when the ancestors of the Celts, the Germans, the Slavonians, the Greeks and Italians, the Persians and Hindus, were living together beneath the same roof, separate from the ancestors of the Semitic and Turanian races.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)
  • adj. of or relating to the former Indo-European people
  • n. a member of the prehistoric people who spoke Proto-Indo European

Etymologies

From Sanskrit ārya-, noble, Aryan.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Sanskrit आर्य (ā́rya, "noble" or "noble one"), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *arya-, the original Indo-Iranian autonym. Borrowed into English in the 19th century, at first as a term for the Indo-Iranian languages, and later partly extended to the Indo-European languages and peoples following a theory by Friedrich Schlegel that connected the Indo-Iranian words arya / ā́rya with German Ehre ("honor") and some older Germanic names, thus assuming that it was the original Indo-European autonym meaning "the honorable people". The original meaning of the Indo-Iranian autonym and its possible Indo-European origin/cognates are disputed (see Wikipedia article for further details). (Wiktionary)

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