American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A trademark used for a preparation of quinacrine hydrochloride.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. a drug once used to treat malaria (C23H30ClN3O); chemically it is a derivative of the tricyclic structure acridine: 6-chloro-9-[[4-(diethylamino-1-methylbutyl)]amino]-2-methoxyacridine. It also has some anthelmintic activity against cestodes.
Atabrineis a trademark.
- n. a drug (trade name Atabrine) used to treat certain worm infestations and once used to treat malaria
“So the Americans muddled through with a drug called Atabrine.”
“Both widespread resistance to the administration of Atabrine and the resulting epidemic of malaria demonstrated a strong shared desire to evade military service.”
“Carrying the cup in his left hand, the soldier would proceed to the Atabrine table, careful to keep three feet between himself and the next man.”
“Note 62: Atabrine was suspected to be a source of psychoses.”
“Once hospitalized, patients often prolonged their stay by secretly spitting out the Atabrine pills they were required to swallow. 64 Men commonly feared the effects of malaria as much as they did Atabrine,65 but many sought (consciously or not) to catch the disease, because they could see no other way out of the military.”
“Another enlisted man would place the Atabrine pill in the open palm of the soldier's right hand, and without closing his hand, the soldier was required to face the supervising officer who would watch him put the pill in his mouth, finish the cup of water, and place the cup face down on the table. 66”
“African American servicemen were even more likely than their white counterparts to believe that Atabrine endangered their reproductive health; institutional racism had cemented their distrust of the Army orders. 63 Both black and white soldiers thought that their personal well-being was of little concern to the American military.”
“Medical and intelligence officers likewise blamed Tokyo Rose for this misinformation, but even assigning the blame to an enemy agent did not check the spread rumors about Atabrine.”
“Despite vigorous efforts to assure servicemen that Atabrine was harmless, medical and intelligence officers were unable to calm servicemen's fears.”
“Farrell attributed to Tokyo Rose the high incidence of self-inflicted casualties as well as the "shameful" necessity of imposing an Atabrine discipline among the marines on Guadalcanal.”
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