American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A hill outside ancient Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified.
- n. A sculptured depiction of the Crucifixion.
- n. A great ordeal.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A place of skulls; Golgotha; specifically, the place where Christ was crucified. It was probably a small hill in the vicinity of ancient Jerusalem; its assumed site, covered by the church of the Holy Sepulcher within the modern city, is disputed.
- n. [lowercase] In Roman Catholic countries, a representation of the passion of Christ, often of life-size, erected sometimes on a hill near a city, sometimes near a church or in a churchyard, and sometimes in a chapel. The various scenes of Christ's sufferings and crucifixion are represented by statuary and carving often highly colored. Stone calvaries are a special feature of medieval and Renaissance art in Brittany, and calvaries in wax, placed in churches, are much in vogue in Italy and elsewhere.
- n. [lowercase] A rocky mound or hill on which three crosses are erected: an adjunct to some religious houses.
- n. The hill outside Jerusalem which is traditionally held to be the location of the crucifixion of Jesus.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The place where Christ was crucified, on a small hill outside of Jerusalem.
- n. A representation of the crucifixion, consisting of three crosses with the figures of Christ and the thieves, often as large as life, and sometimes surrounded by figures of other personages who were present at the crucifixion.
- n. (Her.) A cross, set upon three steps; -- more properly called
- n. a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified
- n. any experience that causes intense suffering
- From Latin calvāria ("skull") (Wiktionary)
- French calvaire, from Calvaire, Calvary (hill). Sense 2, from Calvary 1. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Into one wherein we went this morning was what they called a Calvary: a horrible, ghastly image of a Christ in a tomb, the figure of the natural size, and of the livid color of death; gaping red wounds on the body and round the brows: the whole piece enough to turn one sick, and fit only to brutalize the beholder of it.”
“After his death on March 7, 1940, his body was returned to California for burial in Calvary Cemetery, Los Angeles.”
“Nobody took horses into battle, even 20 years later -- maybe a few Calvary from the Russians or something, so we could change.”
“It called Calvary, the hill where Jesus agonized, “The shadow of a mighty rock within a weary land.””
“The Latin word for skull is calvaria, and Golgotha is called Calvary in the Douay Bible.”
“The name Calvary or Golgotha probably indicates that the spot was a skull-like knoll; but there is no reason to think that it was a hill of the size supposed by designating it”
“How this woman's life evolved from serving wench to mother of the Roman Emperor, including her conversion to Christianity when being a Christian carried a death sentence, the finding of the True Cross under three centuries of debris, her association with the construction workers who were assisting her in building a church at Calvary is the fascinating story of Santa Elena, which can be found in Mexico Connect at SANTA ELENA, DISCOVERER OF THE HOLY CROSS”
“Of course, the Calvary is a different story - but the puzzle of why such uniformity in other scenes remains.”
“He was arrested by Rome in the Garden of Gethsemane, put on trial, falsely accused, and, in a matter of hours, was brutally murdered by the Roman government at the place called Calvary as an insurrectionist too dangerous to live.”
“This brings me to the point I want you to see regarding what happened on the hill called Calvary.”
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