from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A female given name.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. empress of Russia who greatly increased the territory of the empire (1729-1796)
- n. first wife of Henry VIII; Henry VIII's divorce from her was the initial step of the Reformation in England (1485-1536)
From French Catherine, from Ancient Greek Αἰκατερίνη, *Ἑκατερίνη (Hekaterine), of debated meaning, possibly from ἑκάτερος (hekateros, "each of the two"), or from the name of the goddess Hecate. The spelling with 'h' in Latin languages, German and English, is due to a folk etymology, dating from Roman times, which associated the name with the Ancient Greek καθαρός (katharos, "pure"). The name belonged to a 4th-century saint and martyr from Alexandria who was tortured on the wheel. (Wiktionary)