American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- See Istanbul.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. the former capital of the Eastern Roman Empire; it was built on the site of ancient Byzantium, and the name was changed to Istanbul by the Turks.
- n. the largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church
- n. the second ecumenical council in 381 which added wording about the Holy Spirit to the Nicene Creed
- n. the fifth ecumenical council in 553 which held Origen's writings to be heretic
- n. the council in 869 that condemned Photius who had become the patriarch of Constantinople without approval from the Vatican, thereby precipitating the schism between the eastern and western churches
- n. the sixth ecumenical council in 680-681 which condemned Monothelitism by defining two wills in Christ, divine and human
- From Ancient Greek Κωνσταντινούπολις (Kōnstantinoupolis, "Constantine’s city"), after Roman emperor Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus (also known as Constantine I or Constantine the Great). (Wiktionary)
“Saint Sophia in Constantinople is now a museum (thanks, Fisky) in Istanbul.”
“Peace with the Turks, comprehending under this term Constantinople, Tunis, Tripoli, Algiers and Morocco, is essential to our navigation and commerce and political consideration in Europe.”
“The polutasvarf was held every time an Emperor died, and Harald had been in Constantinople through the reigns on Romanos III, Michael IV, and Michael V. Harald returned triumphantly to Kiev at the age of 27 to claim the Princess Ellisif as his bride.”
“Balakian was one of some 250 Armenian intellectuals and leaders arrested by government order in Constantinople on April 24, 1915, the event commonly viewed as the beginning of the campaign against Armenians in Turkey.”
“(Stuart) will lose his head, Constantinople is going to fall into the hands of the turks, ... and yes, Varus and his 3 legions will be crushed in the battle in the "saltus teutoburgiensis".”
“I mean, _I_ like to read him, and fantasize about Russia launching a crusade to liberate Constantinople from the Turks, but I doubt that most of the hipsters would enjoy reading him.”
“Beginning with the World Student Christian Federation Convention in Constantinople in 1911, the YMCA was interested in expanding its services to the Orthodox nations of Eastern Europe.”
“He planned to set up secretaries in Constantinople, the political center of the empire, and in Cairo, the intellectual center.”
“He was to command the First Army Corps in Constantinople, but diplomatic protests from”
“With Mott's approval, Chambers formed an advisory committee in Constantinople as the first step towards establishing an Association in the capital.”
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