from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A native or inhabitant of Ingushetia.
- n. The Caucasian language of the Ingush.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of, or pertaining to Ingushetia, a republic of Russia.
- n. A person from Ingushetia
- proper n. A Caucasian language spoken in and around Ingushetia
Sorry, no etymologies found.
He's also an ethnic Ingush, which is a bit unusual - the last couple of Ingush Presidents were not.
While most scholars view “Vaynakh” as an old, indigenous term, Shnirelman argues that it was a neologism coined by Soviet linguists in the late 1920s after officials decided that the Chechens and Ingush should be encouraged to form a common national identity Victor Shnirelman, “The Politics of a Name: Between Consolidation and Separation in the Northern Caucasus,” Acta Slavica Iaponica 23 2006: 37–73.
Aushev negotiated ably with Moscow, avoiding a flare-up of Ingush nationalism, which at times risked sparking a war with North Ossetia over the disputed Prigorodny district.
A total of 387,229 Chechens and 91,250 Ingush were deported.
According to Johanna Nichols “The Origin of the Chechen and Ingush: A Study in Alpine Linguistic and Ethnic Geography,” Anthropological Linguistics 46, no. 2 2004: 129–155, at 131, the term includes the Chechen, Ingush, Melxii, Kisti, and Arshtxoi.
Of course, it is not so unusual for ambitious nationalists to have broader and narrower conceptions of their nation; in some ways, the Ingush were for Chechen nationalists what the Ukrainians were for their Russian counterparts.
Two years later, what was left of the Mountain Republic was divided into the North Ossetian and Ingush autonomous oblasts.
Unlike in Tatarstan or Bashkortostan, where Soviet leaders had sought to coopt potential nationalists by creating a caste of indigenous apparatchiks, Chechens and Ingush received no affirmative action.
Of these, 57.8 percent were Chechens, 12.9 were Ingush, and 23.1 were Russian.
The difference was that the Russian nationalists wanted to absorb the Ukrainians into the Russian nation, whereas the Chechens recognized a broader identity into which both Chechens and Ingush could be folded.
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