American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A Native American confederacy inhabiting New York State and originally composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca peoples, known as the Five Nations. After 1722 the confederacy was joined by the Tuscaroras to form the Six Nations. Also called Iroquois League.
- n. A member of this confederacy or of any of its peoples.
- n. Any or all of the languages of the Iroquois.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One of a former confederation of American Indians, situated in central New York, originally composed of five tribes—the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Senecas—and hence known as the Five Nations. At a later time a sixth tribe, the Tuscaroras, who had migrated from North Carolina, was added. The name is also given to related Indian tribes occupying central and western New York and Upper Canada, and including, besides the Iroquois proper, the Hurons, the Eries, the Neutral Nation, the Andastes, etc. In this sense also known as Huron-Iroquois.
- Belonging or relating to the Iroquois or their tribes, or to the Iroquois family of languages.
- n. A confederacy of (originally) five Native American (Indian) tribes: the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas. Also known as the Iroquois League.
- n. A person belonging to one of these tribes.
- n. Any of the languages of the Iroquois, belonging to the Iroquoian family of languages.
- n. A kind of hairdo, where both sides of the head are shaved leaving only a stripe of hair in the middle.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Ethnol.) A powerful and warlike confederacy of Indian tribes, formerly inhabiting Central New York and constituting most of the Five Nations. Also, any Indian of the Iroquois tribes.
- n. a family of North American Indian languages spoken by the Iroquois
- n. any member of the warlike North American Indian peoples formerly living in New York State; the Iroquois League were allies of the British during the American Revolution
- French, from Algonquian Irinakhoiw, literally, 'real adders'. (Wiktionary)
- Origin unknown. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“ This was in the winter of 1679-'80; and the Five Nations, included in the general term Iroquois, had not then made the conquest upon which the English afterward founded their claim to the country.”
“The Australian was interested in Iroquois Falls because the Paper Company owns the whole town; they have made the streets and the municipality, and the stores, and they were good enough to rent premises to Dr. Monteith for his liquor store, to make some revenue.”
“Mr. Schoolcraft prefers, and quite justly the name Iroquois, as descriptive of this confederacy, instead of Six Nations, since the term is well known, and applicable to them in every part of their history.”
“In Biegert's view, "the Great Law of Haudenosaunee", also known as the Iroquois, "can help us from our predicament".”
“According to Haudenosaunee the indigenous name for the six nations that make up what Europeans call the Iroquois League tradition, the alliance was founded centuries before Europeans arrived.”
“Whether it would have worked against the Iroquois is another question.”
“How, now, my vigilant sentinel, can see anything of those you call the Iroquois, on the main land "!”
“How, now, my vigilant sentinel, can see anything of those you call the Iroquois, on the main land! ”
“But the Nations of the Iroquois are a name to reckon with-and of all the Six Nations, the Mohawk are the fiercest.”
“ The otekóa of the Iroquois was the only exception of which we know.”
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Words from the novel by Thornton Wilder.
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