from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A city divided between east-central Israel and the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Jerusalem was founded as far back as the fourth millennium B.C. and was ruled by the Canaanites, Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Crusaders, Turks, and British before being divided in 1949 into eastern and western sectors under Israeli and Jordanian control. In 1967, Israeli forces captured the eastern sector from Jordan, later declaring the city as a whole to be the capital of the state of Israel. The legal status of Jerusalem, considered a holy city to Jews, Muslims, and Christians, remains fiercely disputed. Population: 729,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Ancient city of Palestine and the current capital of Israel; a holy city for Judaism (Temple of Solomon and the capital of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judeah), Christianity (Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection), and Islam (Muhammad’s ascension to heaven).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus Christ.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
From Late Latin Ierusalem, Hierusalem, from Latin Hierosolyma, from Ancient Greek Ἰερουσαλήμ (Ierousalēm), from Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim), from Western Semitic Urušalimmi (attested in Ancient Egyptian), compound of Semitic *uru 'house, town' and *salim either 'peace' or 'Shalim, Canaanite goddess of twilight'. (Wiktionary)