American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Philosophy In pre-Socratic philosophy, the principle governing the cosmos, the source of this principle, or human reasoning about the cosmos.
- n. Philosophy Among the Sophists, the topics of rational argument or the arguments themselves.
- n. Philosophy In Stoicism, the active, material, rational principle of the cosmos; nous. Identified with God, it is the source of all activity and generation and is the power of reason residing in the human soul.
- n. Judaism In biblical Judaism, the word of God, which itself has creative power and is God's medium of communication with the human race.
- n. Judaism In Hellenistic Judaism, a hypostasis associated with divine wisdom.
- n. Christianity In Saint John's Gospel, especially in the prologue (1:1-14), the creative word of God, which is itself God and incarnate in Jesus. Also called Word.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In theology, the Divine Word; the transcendent Divine Reason as expressed in a distinct personality; the Second Person in the Trinity, both before and after the incarnation: so called as expressing God both to God himself and to his creatures, as language expresses reason and as reason is expressed by language. The word Logos (
λόγος) is used by Plato of reason as a manifestation of or emanation from the Supreme Being. Philo Judæus, using ideas and language partly Platonic and partly scriptural, derived especially from the Sapiential books, developed these in a form that suggests the Christian doctrine of the Logos. St. John, especially in the first chapter of his Gospel, first distinctly gives the Christian doctrine, assigning distinct personality to the Logos. Some early Christian writers distinguish between the Logos as immanent ( Λόγος ἐνδιάθετος), or the Divine Reason still remaining in the bosom of the Father, and the Logos as uttered ( Λόγος προφορικός), or the Word sent forth to the world.
- n. In the philosophy of Heraclitus and the Stoics, the rational principle that governs and develops the universe.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. the divine word of God; the second person in the Trinity (incarnate in Jesus)
- Greek; see leg- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Insofar as the Bible is the word of God, it might all be considered logos = CSI but not Logos - Dembski reserves the capitalized version for the most important cases including Genesis.”
“Yet the gospels were written in Greek, notes Benedict, and he goes on to explain, in so many words, how the Christian concept of the logos – in the beginning, writes Saint John, was the Logos – assumes a rational, benevolent God.”
“This occurs even in the thought, "[Greek: ho logos sarx egeneto]," which in itself is foreign to the Logos conception.”
“What logos, _about_ this Logos, have they learned, or can they teach?”
“C. 1. logos applied without qualification to Christ incarnate; in eucharistic context; 2. of divine person of Christ in relation to humanity; 3. doctrine that Logos occupied place of human soul in Christ”
“The Hebrew term implicitly translated by the Greek word Logos is Davar.”
“To explain, I will paraphrase John 1:1: In the beginning was the Word Logos or Reason, and Reason was with God and Reason/Logic was God.”
“From the Jewish-Alexandrian speculative Theology the author borrowed the term Logos to express what he conceived to be the cosmic importance of Christ's position.”
“The term Logos is found only in the Johannine writings: in the”
“This resemblance suggests the way by which the doctrine of the Logos entered into Christian theology; another clue is furnished by the Apocalypse, where the term Logos appears for the first time (19: 13), and not apropos of any theological teaching, but in an apocalyptic vision, the content of which has no suggestion of Philo but rather recalls Wisdom 18: 15.”
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