Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of or relating to the cultural period of the Stone Age between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods, marked by the appearance of microlithic tools and weapons and by changes in the nature of settlements.
  • n. The Mesolithic Period. Also called Middle Stone Age. See Usage Note at Three Age system.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of or referring to the Middle Stone Age (also the Mesolithic period or the Mesolithic age), a prehistoric period that lasted between 10,000 and 3,000 BC.
  • n. Short for the Mesolithic period.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • In prehistoric archæol., relating to the period intermediate between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods: a term employed in the classification of postglacial deposits which contain human relics, or of such relics themselves, and referring to the relative character and degree of workmanship displayed therein. Contrasted with Eolithic, Paleolithic, and Neolithic.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of or relating to a middle period of the Stone Age (following the paleolithic)
  • n. middle part of the Stone Age beginning about 15,000 years ago

Etymologies

From Ancient Greek μέσος (mesos, "middle") + λίθος (lithos, "stone") (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • These Mesolithic cultures (Mesolithic, meaning “Middle Stone Age, ” describes post–Ice Age European hunter-gatherers) achieved some degree of social complexity in Scandinavia, where richly decorated individuals were buried in cemeteries by 5500 B.C.E. These same cultures were the indigenous societies of Europe, farmers who first spread north and west across central Europe from the Balkans after 4500 B.C.E. 1

    3. Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in Europe

  • I once developed a toothache while visiting Earth's Mesolithic age.

    Fic: Like Gum on Your Shoe Part 3/10, Adult Eventually, AU from JE

  • For that I've studied Mesolithic archaeology, as well as borrowing from the more recent past: from the survival strategies of traditional Inuit and Native American peoples, and many others.

    Michelle Paver - An interview with author

  • Curt is an authority on the Paleolithic and Mesolithic of the Balkans.

    Of Crystal Skulls and Pyramids

  • Until the end of the Mesolithic era, the female may have been best known as a gatherer and forager, a gender which derived immense pleasure from the art of scavenging.

    What Women Want

  • The valley is a rich repository of ancestral tribal art connected with the 14 painted rockart sites dated back to the Mesolithic and more recently Chalcolithic eras.

    Jeff Biggers: India's Coal Rush and Form of Mountaintop Removal: Interview with Jharkhand Leader Bulu Imam

  • This is not the first time that scientists have discovered a people having lived in areas now under the ocean. 8,000 years ago off the Isle of Wight in Britain, there was a Mesolithic village, which has been discovered by maritime archeaologists.

    Climate Change Had Much To Do With New World Migration « Unambiguously Ambidextrous

  • The detail is all Mesolithic-specific, and a lengthy afterword details the extensive research the author has done.

    Archive 2010-04-01

  • Stone Spring is another such novel, except that this one is set not futuristically but prehistorically, in the Mesolithic period.

    Archive 2010-04-01

  • "You don't tend to think of people [of that era] being quite so settled and building structures like this," said Nicky Milner of the University of York, who has been working at the Mesolithic site outside Scarborough, England, since 2004.

    SCIENCE NEWS

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