American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A country of western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. The coast was settled by Wolof and other West Atlantic peoples, while the interior formed part of the medieval empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Coastal trading posts were established by the Portuguese (mid-15th century) and by the Dutch and the French (17th century). Senegal was awarded to France in 1815 by the Treaty of Paris and became a French colony in 1895 as part of French West Africa, with full independence being won in 1960. Senegal joined with Gambia in the short-lived confederation of Senegambia (1981-1989). Dakar is the capital and the largest city. Population: 12,500,000.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to Senegal, a river in western Africa, and the region near it. Compare Senegambian.
- n. [lowercase] A dealers' name of the small African blood-finches of the genus Lagonosticta. They are tiny birds, averaging under 4 inches long, and would be taken for little finches, but belong to the spermestine group of the Ploceidæ (not to Fringillidæ). More than 20 species of Lagonosticta are described, all African; they are closely related to the numerous species of Spermestes, all likewise African, and of Estrelda and its subdivisions, mainly African, but also Indian, some of which are known to the dealers as amadavats, strawberry-finches, etc. The blood-flnches (Lagonosticta proper) are so called from their leading color, a rich crimson, shaded into browns, grays, and black, and often set off with pearly white spots. Several different birds share the name senegal. That to which it specially pertains inhabits Senegambia; it is the sénégali of the early French and the fire-bird or fire-finch of the early English ornithologists, the Fringilla senegala of Linnæus, and the Estrelda senegala of many writers; it is 3¾ inches long, the male mostly crimson, with black tail and brown belly, and the back brown washed over with crimson. L. minima is scarcely different, but slightly smaller, and has a few white dots on the sides of the breast.
- n. Country in Western Africa. Official name: Republic of Senegal.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Gum senegal. See under gum.
- n. a republic in northwestern Africa on the coast of the Atlantic; formerly a French colony but achieved independence in 1960
- Probably from a Portuguese transliteration of the name of the Zenaga, or combination of the supreme deity in Serer religion (Rog Sene) and o gal meaning body of water in the Serer language. (Wiktionary)
“MOMAR NDAO, CONSUMERS ASSOCIATION OF SENEGAL: The thing that's getting around in Senegal is the high -- the high prices.”
“MOMAR NDAO, PRESIDENT, CONSUMERS ASSOCIATION OF SENEGAL: The thing that's getting wrong in Senegal is the high prices.”
“Acacia senegal dry matter production in a Sahelian savanna in Senegal”
“REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT IN PHOTO OPPORTUNITY WITH PRESIDENT ABDOU DIOUF OF SENEGAL Presidential Palace Dakar, Senegal”
“According to the New-York Historical Society, it could have been named for the Seneca tribe of Native Americans, or a distortion of the word "Senegal" in Africa.”
“I grew up in Senegal and Morocco and am glad to see people taking a real interest in African art that isn't in the form of a mask or some beaded jewelry.”
“STEVE INSKEEP, host: Senegal is gearing up for the World's Festival of Black Arts and Culture.”
“Senegal is where we hail from, the details noting a group of warrior brothers from there ending up in Haiti fighting against Napoleon's troops for Henri Chrsitophe — a L'Ouverture General.”
“I came away from this experience in Senegal greatly enriched, and admiring of this lovely African-American Pan Am stewardess.”
“Reuters reports that more than 160 Haitian students arrived in Senegal Wednesday to receive free education, as promised by Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade.”
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