from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • A country of western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. The coast was settled by Wolof and other West Atlantic peoples, while the interior formed part of the medieval empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Coastal trading posts were established by the Portuguese (mid-1400s) and by the Dutch and the French (1600s). Senegal was awarded to France in 1815 by the Treaty of Paris and became a French colony in 1895 as part of French West Africa, with full independence being won in 1960. Senegal joined with Gambia in the short-lived confederation of Senegambia (1982–1989). Dakar is the capital and the largest city.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Of or pertaining to Senegal, a river in western Africa, and the region near it. Compare Senegambian.
  • noun [lowercase] A dealers' name of the small African blood-finches of the genus Lagonosticta.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun Gum senegal. See under gum.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun Country in Western Africa. Official name: Republic of Senegal.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a republic in northwestern Africa on the coast of the Atlantic; formerly a French colony but achieved independence in 1960


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Probably from a Portuguese transliteration of the name of the Zenaga, or combination of the supreme deity in Serer religion (Rog Sene) and o gal meaning body of water in the Serer language.


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