from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- An ancient Phoenician city on the eastern Mediterranean Sea in present-day southern Lebanon. The capital of Phoenicia after the 11th century B.C., it was a flourishing commercial center noted for its purple dyestuffs and rich, silken clothing. Tyre was besieged and captured by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. and was finally destroyed by Muslims in A.D. 1291.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. An ancient sea port and city state of Phoenecia, in present-day Lebanon.
From Ancient Greek Τύρος (Turos, Týros), from Phoenician 𐤑𐤅𐤓 ("Ṣur") (), after the rocky formation on which the town was originally built. Compare Latin Tyrus, Akkadian 𒋗𒊒 (Ṣurru). Cognate to Arabic صور (Ṣūr), Hebrew צוֹר (Tzor), Tiberian Hebrew צר (Ṣōr), Turkish Sur. (Wiktionary)