American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A hypothetical language group that comprises the Uralic and Altaic language families. Also called Turanian.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- See Altaic.
- n. A conjectural grouping of the Uralic and Altaic language families, implying a common ancestor that lacks recognition among most current comparative linguists.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to the Urals and the Altai; as the
Ural-Altaic, or Turanian, languages.
- n. a (postulated) group of languages including many of the indigenous languages of Russia (but not Russian)
“Predominant in the religious systems of Siberia and the Ural-Altaic peoples, it also played an important -- if somewhat more subordinate role -- in North America and elsewhere.”
“And others try the controversial Ural-Altaic route.”
“Was that in Maths, Ural-Altaic languages, ... or some tedious non-subject?”
“Many scholars but not all place Korean in the Ural-Altaic family of languages, the same one that includes Japanese as well as Hungarian and Finnish.”
“For example, Chukchi is an early cousin of Eskimo and Aleut (which appear to have links to both Ural-Altaic and Indo-European) while Yukaghir turns out to be a distant relative of Hungarian and Finnish (Uralic), ditto Koryak.”
“The Bulgars, a people of mixed Ural-Altaic and Indo-European origin, had pressed westward through the lands of today's southern Russia and Ukraine.”
“The Huns, nomadic Mongols of the Ural-Altaic group, probably under pressure from the Zhu-Zhu Empire in Asia, swept into Europe in the 4th century and halted for some fifty years in the valley of the Danube and Theiss.”
“The conclusion of his philological studies is briefly, that the Central-Asiatic, or as it might be called, the Ural-Altaic group of languages, is divided into six branches or families, namely, the language of the Mandshu Tartars, the”
“Hungarian, Finnish, the Turkic languages, Mongolian, and Manchu belong to the Ural-Altaic family of languages, also known as the Turanian family, after the Persian word Turan for Turkestan.”
“The peculiar, dull vowel, for instance, known in Russian as yeri6 has Ural-Altaic analogues, but is entirely wanting in Germanic, Greek, Armenian, and Indo-Iranian, the nearest Indo-European congeners of Slavic.”
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