American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The fleshy, movable, muscular organ, attached in most vertebrates to the floor of the mouth, that is the principal organ of taste, an aid in chewing and swallowing, and, in humans, an important organ of speech.
- n. An analogous organ or part in invertebrate animals, as in certain insects or mollusks.
- n. The tongue of an animal, such as a cow, used as food.
- n. A spoken language or dialect.
- n. Speech; talk: If there is goodness in your heart, it will come to your tongue.
- n. The act or power of speaking: She had no tongue to answer.
- n. Speech or vocal sounds produced in a state of religious ecstasy.
- n. Style or quality of utterance: her sharp tongue.
- n. The bark or baying of a hunting dog that sees game: The dog gave tongue when the fox came through the hedge.
- n. Something resembling a tongue in shape or function, as:
- n. The vibrating end of a reed in a wind instrument.
- n. A flame.
- n. The flap of material under the laces or buckles of a shoe.
- n. A spit of land; a promontory.
- n. A bell clapper.
- n. The harnessing pole attached to the front axle of a horse-drawn vehicle.
- n. A protruding strip along the edge of a board that fits into a matching groove on the edge of another board.
- v. Music To separate or articulate (notes played on a brass or wind instrument) by shutting off the stream of air with the tongue.
- v. To touch or lick with the tongue.
- v. To provide (a board) with a tongue.
- v. To join by means of a tongue and groove.
- v. Archaic To scold.
- v. Music To articulate notes on a brass or wind instrument.
- v. To project: a spit of land tonguing into the bay.
- idiom. hold (one's) tongue To be or keep silent.
- idiom. lose (one's) tongue To lose the capacity to speak, as from shock.
- idiom. on the tip of (one's) tongue On the verge of being recalled or expressed.
- idiom. have To speak deceitfully; prevaricate or lie.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The principal organ of the special sense of taste or the gustatory faculty; the lingual apparatus, or lingua. It is usually a fleshy and freely movable mass which partly tills the mouth, and has important functions in the acts of talking and eating. Together with the lips, teeth, and checks, the tongue serves to articulate, modulate, or qualify sounds produced in the windpipe, and in man is thus an organ of speech; it is equally concerned in the many natural cries of animals, the songs of birds, etc. It is a direct aid in the process of mastication, in directing food between the teeth, and in the act of swallowing or deglutition, by forcing food and drink from the mouth through the fauces into the pharynx. It is concerned in spitting, and in almost every action in which the mouth takes part. The tongue is often a prehensile organ, as for lapping or licking; sometimes a rasp or file, as in the lion and the snail; sometimes a dart or spear, as in woodpeckers, and in chameleons and many other reptiles. The tongue is rarely rudimentary or wanting in vertebrates, as in some birds and the aglossal batrachians. It is forked in serpents. Its structure and mechanism are more elaborate in some of the lower vertebrates, especially in birds and reptiles, than in mammals. In these last the tongue is chiefly a mass of muscle attached to the hyoid bone and lower jaw, and covered with mucous membrane.
- n. Specifically, in cookery, a beef's tongue prepared for the table: as, smoked tongue.
- n. In conchology, the lingual ribbon, or odontophore, bearing the radula, or rasping surface. a structure highly characteristic of those mollusks which have heads, as gastropods. See the technical names (with cuts under radula and ribbon).
- n. In entomology, some mouth-part or conformation of mouth-parts serving as a tongue or suggesting one; a proboscis; a haustellum; an antlia: as, the long spirally rolled tongue of a butterfly or moth; specifically, the central lobe of the ligula of a mandibulate insect. See the technical words, and cut under haustellum.
- n. In various figurative uses, the faculty or mode of speech; speech. The faculty or power of speech; capacity of expression.
- n. The act or habit of speaking; utterance; discourse; sometimes, fluency of speech; talk.
- n. The manner of speaking as regards sound; voice; tone; specifically, in sporting language, the voice of a hound or other dog: as, to give tongue.
- n. The character of speech with regard to meaning or intention.
- n. The mode or form of expression; especially, the sum of the words used by a particular nation; a language.
- n. Words or declarations only; mere speech or talk, as opposed to thoughts or actions.
- n. A people or race, as distinguished by its language.
- n. (h ) Mention; fame; eulogy.
- n. A vote; a voice.
- n. Anything considered to resemble an animal's tongue in shape, position, or function.
- n. Especially— A long narrow strip of land running out into a sea or lake; also, a gulf or outstretched bay (Isa. xi. 15).
- n. A tapering jet of flame.
- n. The pin or tang of a buckle or brooch which pierces the strap, ribbon, or object to be fastened.
- n. The short movable rail of a switch by which the wheels are directed to one or the other line of rails.
- n. The pole of a carriage, car, or other vehicle, to which the horses are fastened.
- n. A projecting strip worked on the edge of a board, used to form a joint by fitting into a corresponding groove in another board.
- n. The pointer or pin of a balance. See cut under balance.
- n. (h ) Nautical, a short piece of rope spliced into the upper part of standing backstays to form an eye; also, the upper piece of a built inast.
- n. The vibratile reed of a musical instrument of the reed group, particularly if made of metal, as in the harmonium, the concertina, etc. Compare cuts under reed.
- n. The clapper of a bell.
- n. That part of the blade of a sword on which the grip, shell, and pommel are fixed.
- n. A narrow strip of leather or kid, over which the uppers or sides of a boot or shoe are laced together.
- n. A young or small sole. Compare tongue-fish.
- n. The sting of a bee.
- n. The movable arm of a bevel, the principal member being the stock, which forms the case when the instrument is closed. E. H. Knight. See cut under bevel.
- n. A current-of water, narrow, deep, and smooth, running rapidly between rocks without breaking or twisting; a sled-run. A tongue is well-known to anglers as a favorite resting-place of salmon in their laborious ascent of rapid streams.
- n. One of the seven (later eight) divisions or “nations” composing the order of the Hospitalers; also, a meeting of a division.
- n. A fever which prevailed in the western United States in the winter of 1842–3.
- n. An inflammation of the tongue occurring in some forms of epidemic erysipelas.
- n. Synonyms . Tongue is the Anglo-Saxon equivalent for language. See language.
- To chide; scold; reproach.
- To speak; utter.
- In playing on musical wind-instruments, to modify or interrupt the tone of by means of a stroke of the tongue, so as to produce a marcato or staccato effect, as in the flute, the cornet, etc. See tonguing. Also tip.
- To join or fit together by means of a tongue and groove. See the phrase.
- To talk; prate: with indefinite it.
- In music, to use the tongue for the purpose of modifying sounds in playing the flute and some other wind-instruments.
- To run out; project: as, a point of land tongues out into the sea.
- n. The flexible muscular organ in the mouth that is used to move food around, for tasting and that is moved into various positions to modify the flow of air from the lungs in order to produce different sounds in speech.
- n. A language.
- n. religion, often in the plural Glossolalia.
- n. In a shoe, the flap of material that goes between the laces and the foot, so called because it resembles a tongue in the mouth.
- n. Any large or long physical protrusion on an automotive, a machine part or any other part that fits into a long groove on another part.
- n. figuratively An individual point of flame from a fire.
- v. music On a wind instrument, to articulate a note by starting the air with a tap of the tongue, as though by speaking a 'd' or 't' sound (alveolar plosive).
- v. obsolete To talk; to prate.
- v. slang to kiss involving the touching of both tongues, and/or licking.
- v. To manipulate with the tongue.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Anat.) an organ situated in the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates and connected with the hyoid arch.
- n. The power of articulate utterance; speech.
- n. Discourse; fluency of speech or expression.
- n. obsolete Honorable discourse; eulogy.
- n. A language; the whole sum of words used by a particular nation.
- n. Speech; words or declarations only; -- opposed to
- n. A people having a distinct language.
- n. The lingual ribbon, or odontophore, of a mollusk.
- n. The proboscis of a moth or a butterfly.
- n. The lingua of an insect.
- n. (Zoöl.) Any small sole.
- n. That which is considered as resembing an animal's tongue, in position or form.
- n. A projection, or slender appendage or fixture; as, the
tongueof a buckle, or of a balance.
- n. A projection on the side, as of a board, which fits into a groove.
- n. A point, or long, narrow strip of land, projecting from the mainland into a sea or a lake.
- n. The pole of a vehicle; especially, the pole of an ox cart, to the end of which the oxen are yoked.
- n. The clapper of a bell.
- n. (Naut.) A short piece of rope spliced into the upper part of standing backstays, etc.; also. the upper main piece of a mast composed of several pieces.
- n. (Mus.) Same as Reed, n., 5.
- v. To speak; to utter.
- v. To chide; to scold.
- v. (Mus.) To modulate or modify with the tongue, as notes, in playing the flute and some other wind instruments.
- v. To join means of a tongue and grove.
- v. To talk; to prate.
- v. (Mus.) To use the tongue in forming the notes, as in playing the flute and some other wind instruments.
- n. the flap of material under the laces of a shoe or boot
- n. any long thin projection that is transient
- n. a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
- n. the tongue of certain animals used as meat
- n. a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language
- v. articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instruments
- v. lick or explore with the tongue
- n. a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea
- n. a manner of speaking
- n. metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound by hitting the side
- From Middle English tonge, tunge, tung, from Old English tunge, from Proto-Germanic *tungōn (“tongue”) (compare West Frisian tonge, Dutch tong, German Zunge, Danish tunge, Swedish tunga), from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (compare Irish teanga, Latin lingua, Tocharian A/B känt/kantwo, Lithuanian liežùvis, Polish język 'language, tongue', Armenian լեզու (lezu), Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā́)). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English tunge. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“P.ace the N. P., _long cord_, upon the lower cervical vertebræ, and then treat, _first_, with the _tongue_ instrument, P. P., in the mouth, as far back on the tongue as can be borne, three to five minutes.”
“It is produced at the middle or central part of the mouth, by forcing a slight, closely-squeezed current of Sounding Breath, through a small, smooth channel or opening made by forming _a gutter or scoop of the flattened point of the tongue_; while, at the same time, the tongue is applied at the edges to the teeth and gums.”
“So you may perceive, I _have the use of my tongue_ & I tell her it is a good thing to have the use of my tongue.”
“On the whole, no man ought, for any cause, to speak lies, or have anything to do with _lies; _ but either hold his tongue, or speak a bit of the truth: that is the meaning of a _tongue, _ people used to know!”
“Wherein the due government of the tongue consists, or when it may be said of any one in a moral and religious sense that he _bridleth his tongue_, I come now to consider.”
“The dialect of the Grödner Thal, called the Ladin tongue, is supposed to be directly derived from the original Latin at some date contemporary with the period of Roman rule.”
“He looked upon it that God girded him with gladness to the end that he might be the sweet psalmist of Israel (2 Sam.xxiii. 1), that his glory might sing praise to God, that is, his tongue (for our tongue is our glory, and never more so than when it is employed in praising God) or his soul, for that is our glory above the beasts, that must be employed in blessing the”
“How he excites himself to the duty of praise (v. 8): Awake up my glory, that is, my tongue (our tongue is our glory, and never more so than when it is employed in praising God), or my soul, that must be first awakened; dull and sleepy devotions will never be acceptable to”
“Likewise the tongue is a small part of the body, but it makes great boasts.”
“Often he followed these comic statements with what I call a tongue eraser: an action where the tongue visibly moves from one side of the mouth, signifying that this person does not like what he is saying.”
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Shoulder - Alright.
Liver - Fine.
Sweetbread - Okay.
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