from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A language family that comprises the Finno-Ugric and Samoyedic subfamilies.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Pertaining to the Finno-Ugric and Samoyedic peoples, whose Urheimat was the Ural Mountains, or to their languages, which constitute a language family, the Uralic languages.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to the Ural Mountains or river Ural.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a family of Ural-Altaic languages
Some languages, such as Comanche, an Uto-Aztecan language spoken by Native Americans in the United States, or Livonian, a Uralic language used in Latvia, today claim fewer than two hundred speakers.
Hungarian is an Uralic language, which uses an extensive case system to eliminate many prepositions (i.e. noun ending tells you whether it is moving away from you, towards you, or the like).
I do think the languages are related, but not in an exclusive "Altaic" grouping without Uralic, Indo-European, and your Aegean family.
This is a problem that is already typical for anyone who would want to attempt to reconstruct Indo-Uralic, Starostin went so much further than merely Indo-Uralic and not just for one end of the world, but several.
So his involvement in Altaic, Abkhaz-Adyghe, Nakh-Daghestanian, Burushaski and Uralic, while far-reaching, makes sense from his own geographical point-of-view.
Hungarian is an Uralic language, which uses an extensive case system to eliminate many prepositions i.e. noun ending tells you whether it is moving away from you, towards you, or the like.
Handbuch der Orientalistik, v.8 1988, p.274: Relating gradation to Uralic or even Finno-Ugric has been criticised because it is only a feature of the languages mentioned above and is not found in any other Uralic language.
To sum up, "objective" is a conjugational form that marks verbs as "object-focussed" while "subjective" implies "subject-focus", as in modern Uralic languages like Hungarian or Nenets.
For those who buy into Nostratic or Indo-Uralic there's a possible cognate in Uralic, *t, which is used to form participles and infinitives in Finnic, Saami, Ob-Ugrian, and Samoyedic.
In relation to this topic, Frederik Kortlandt has suggested that Proto-Uralic too had consonant gradation when in fact most Uralicists today accept that consonant gradation was a post-Uralic innovation1, one of many flaws in his work that makes it difficult for me to take seriously.
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