American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. See schistosome.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of the order Trematoidea, or fluke-worms, endoparasitic in the blood-vessels of man, especially in the urinary organs, the ova escaping through an ulceration which the presence of the parent causes. The animal is diœcious, the male being the larger and retaining the female in a gynæcophore or canal formed by an involution of the edges of the concave side of the body.
- n. medicine The parasitic disease schistosomiasis
- n. an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
- New Latin Bilharzia, genus name, after Theodor Bilharz (1825-1862), German physician. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The new commitments aim to eradicate or reduce leprosy, lymphatic filariasis (also known as elephantiasis), blinding trachoma, sleeping sickness, Guinea worm, schistosomiasis (also called bilharzia), river blindness, soil-transmitted helminthes, Chagas disease and visceral leishmaniasis.”
“The disease they caused, known as bilharzia or schistosomiasis, drained the energy of hundreds of millions of people who were supposed to build European empires.”
“Schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia) is one of the most prevalent diseases spread by the use of irrigation water, especially slowly moving water in canals, lakes, and rivers.”
“Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is an NTD that affects over 200 million people worldwide (Steinmann et al, 2005) and has drastic effects on the economic viability of the country in which it is endemic (Sturrock, R. F.,”
“Indeed, bilharzia kills more than twenty thousand people each year.”
“Blood tests revealed that William, who had just returned in late October from a month in Africa—two days of which were spent white-water rafting down the Nile—was suffering from bilharzia, a parasitic ailment that can lead to paralysis, seizures, liver damage, even death.”
“Forced to drink from the local stream, 60% of children in school were urinating blood, a symptom of bilharzia, a water-borne disease that impairs cognitive development.”
“The people he found were exhausted, dispirited, and succumbing in great numbers to river blindness, sleeping sickness, influenza, meningitis, malaria, the kidney or liver ruin of bilharzia, and the bone pain of yaws.”
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