from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of a class of particles, such as the photon, pion, or alpha particle, that have zero or integral spin and obey statistical rules permitting any number of identical particles to occupy the same quantum state.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A particle with totally symmetric composite quantum states, which exempts them from the Pauli exclusion principle, and that obey Bose-Einstein statistics. They have integer spin. Among them are many elementary particles, and some (gauge bosons) are known to carry the fundamental forces. Compare fermion.
- n. A boatswain.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A fundamental particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistical rules, but not the Pauli exclusion principle; the spin value of a boson is always an integer. Examples of bosons are alpha particles, photons, and those nuclei which have an even mass number.
- n. See boatswain.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A corruption of boatswain, representing its common pronunciation.
- n. A bolt for the crossbow, having a round knob at the end, with a small point projecting from it.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
I am on the record saying that the existence of the Higgs boson is yet to be confirmed experimentally.
Finding the Higgs boson is probably the only thing many people outside physics know about the impending experiments at Cern.
The Higgs boson is the particle that is thought to give everything else in the universe mass, but that bit of theoretical physics is unlikely to be the reason most people have heard of it.
The Higgs boson is a component of the proposed Higgs field.
The Higgs boson is the only particle left that has not yet been observed by experimental research in the Standard Model of particle physics which lists some 40 species of elementary particles.
Where does the energy for string vibrations come from, if every boson is itself a certain type of string vibration?
Scientists claimed progress in the search for the Higgs boson, which is considered the basic building block of the universe, Gautam Naik reports.
A boson is a particle that obeys Bose statistics: when you take two identical bosons and switch them with each other, the state you end up with is indistinguishable from the state you started with.
The resulting theory contains a spin -2 boson, which is just what is needed to convey the force of gravitation and thereby unite all physical interactions in a single theory.
For a few months in 2010 it looked as though the Tevatron might get a reprieve in order to find the last and heaviest missing bit of the model-the Higgs boson, which is thought to give other particles their mass.
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