Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A name given to parasitic leafless plants of the genus Orobanche, and in the United States to species of the similar allied genera Phelipæa and Aphyllon. See Orobanchaceæ.
- n. Same as pale or one-flowered broom-rape.
GNU Webster's 1913
- (Bot.) A genus (Orobanche) of parasitic plants of Europe and Asia. They are destitute of chlorophyll, have scales instead of leaves, and spiked flowers, and grow attached to the roots of other plants, as furze, clover, flax, wild carrot, etc. The name is sometimes applied to other plants related to this genus, as Aphyllon uniflorumand Aphyllon Ludovicianum.
- n. (Bot.) See Broom rape, in the Vocabulary.
“A large and particularly fleshy broom-rape, recently flowering, festered unpleasantly everywhere.”
“The London rocket (_Sisymbrium irio_) occurs only in the old towns of Hertford and Ware; the true oxlip (_Primula elatior_) near the head of the River Stort; a very rare broom-rape, _Orobanche cærulea_, at”
“If we take for instance the broom-rape or _Orobanche_, or some other pale parasite, we explain their occurrence in families of plants with green leaves, by the loss of the leaves and of the green color.”
“When robbery becomes flagrant, Nature brands sinners in the vegetable kingdom by taking away their color, and perhaps their leaves, as in the case of the broom-rape and Indian Pipe; but the fair faces of the gerardias and foxgloves give no hint of the petty thefts committed under cover of darkness in the soil below.”
“Such plants, however, as the broom-rape, Pine Sap, beech-drops, the Indian Pipe, and the dodder -- which marks the lowest stage of degradation of them all -- appear among their race branded with the mark of crime as surely as was Cain.”
“Branded a sinner, through its loss of leaves and honest green coloring matter (chlorophyll), the Pine Sap stands among the disreputable gang of thieves that includes its next of kin the Indian Pipe, the broom-rape, dodder, coral-root, and beech-drops.”
“Nearly related to the broom-rape is this less attractive pirate, a taller, brownish-purple plant, with a disagreeable odor, whose erect, branching stem without leaves is still furnished with brownish scales, the remains of what were once green leaves in virtuous ancestors, no doubt.”
“They were the petals and calyxes of that strange flower, lathraea, of the broom-rape family.”
“It is a grand place for heath, ferns, and broom-rape, with daffodils in a field at the end.”
“We see how the dodder vine lost both leaf and roots after it consented to live wholly by theft of its hard-working host's juices through suckers that penetrate to the vitals; how the Indian Pipe's blanched face tells the story of guilt perpetrated under cover of darkness in the soil below; how the broom-rape and beech-drops lost their honest green color; and, finally, the foxgloves show us plants with their faces so newly turned toward the path of perdition, their larceny so petty, that only the expert in criminal botany cases condemns them.”
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