American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To surround with or as if with a rampart.
- adj. Surrounded with or as if with a rampart.
- adj. Anatomy Surrounded by a ridge or raised, wall-like structure.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To surround with or as with a rampart or fortified lines.
- Walled in; surrounded by or as by a parapet.
- Also called calyciform papillæ.
- v. to surround with a rampart
- adj. Surrounded with a wall; enclosed with a rampart.
- adj. anatomy Surrounded by a ridge or elevation.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To surround with a rampart or wall.
- adj. Surrounded with a wall; inclosed with a rampart.
- adj. (Anat.) Surrounded by a ridge or elevation.
- v. surround with or as if with a rampart or other fortification
- From Latin circumvallare, from circum- + vallum ‘rampart’. (Wiktionary)
- Latin circumvallāre, circumvallāt- : circum-, circum- + vallum, rampart with palisades (from vallus, post, stake). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Towards the root of the tongue is another kind of papillæ, the circumvallate, eight to fifteen in number, arranged in the form of the letter V, with the apex directed backwards.”
“Taste is most acute in or near the circumvallate papillæ.”
“In many of the fungiform and most of the circumvallate papillæ are peculiar structures called taste buds or taste goblets.”
“First he made it impossible for the Athenians to circumvallate the city; then he captured the naval stores of the enemy, forcing them to encamp in unhealthy ground.”
“And in the rest of the wall circumvallate of these bearing out rownde”
“The papillæ vallatæ (circumvallate papillæ) (Fig. 1015) are of large size, and vary from eight to twelve in number.”
“The muscular system is untouched; the structure and nature of the terminal circumvallate papilla have to be made out; the lingual teeth must be re-examined; and the characters of the male determined.”
“A slight median depression is recognisable on the dorsum as far back as the vallate (circumvallate) papillæ, which mark the boundary between the oral and pharyngeal parts.”
“It is now pretty satisfactorily established that the circumvallate, or fungiform papillae are the only ones concerned in the special sense of taste.”
“The circumvallate are shaped like an inverted V and are found only near the root of the tongue; the largest of this class of papillae have other very small papillae upon their surfaces.”
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A roster of adjectives that infrequently surface in typical conversation and writing. Many are dredged from scientific or other technical jargon or sieved from examples of disused archaic forms.
Verbs meaning surround or embrace
Words meaning encircled or surrounded.
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