Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. rosin; the residue left after the distillation of oil of turpentine from liquid resin. Used in pharmaceutical preparations, soldering fluxes, and by violinists.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Rosin.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A solid, amorphous substance, of an amber or blackish-brown color, left after distilling crude turpentine with water; common resin, or rosin.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. translucent brittle substance produced from pine oleoresin; used especially in varnishes and inks and on the bows of stringed instruments

Etymologies

From Latin colophonia ("of Colophon") resina ("resin"); named after the Ionic city of Colophon, which was known as producer of hardened resin. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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  • "No significant cracks have emerged since the last restoration, when the paint surfaces were "consolidated"—their gaps filled in, Anne Grevenstein-Kruse wrote to me in an email, "with a solution of animal glue (a proteïn). After that, the surface was covered with a mixture of beeswax, colophony, and lavender oil (to soften the paint). This mixture was melted into the paint structure by using strong heating elements. The surface was then flattened with metal spatulas.""
    "The Flip Side" by Peter Schjeldahl in the New Yorker, November 29, 2010, p 45

    December 9, 2010

  • See a usage note on orpiment.

    March 4, 2008