American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of several brittle aromatic yellow to red resins of recent or fossil origin, obtained from various tropical trees and used in certain varnishes.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A hard, transparent, amber-like resin, the product of many different tropical trees, melting at a high temperature, and used in the manufacture of varnishes. Some of the softer kinds are also called
anime. Copal may be dissolved by digestion in linseed-oil, with a heat a little less than sufficient to boil or decompose the oil. This solution diluted with spirit of turpentine forms a beautiful transparent varnish, which, when properly applied and slowly dried, is exceedingly durable and hard. There are various methods of preparing it. The most highly prized copal is that obtained from Zanzibar and Mozambique, the product of leguminous trees, Trachylobium Hornemannianam and T. Mozambicense, and often dug from the ground in a semi-fossil state. Several varieties are obtained from the western coast of Africa, all probably furnished by species of Copaifera. Manila or Indian copal is obtained from Vateria Indica. Kauri copal, from New Zealand and New Caledonia, is found in the soil in large masses, the product of species of Agathis (Dammara). South American copals are obtained from Hymenæa Courbariland other allied leguminous trees, as well as from some burseraceous species. (See anime.) The Mexican copal-trees are species of Bursera or other genera of the same order.
- n. A resinous exudation from various tropical trees used chiefly in making varnishes and printing ink.
GNU Webster's 1913
- A resinous substance flowing spontaneously from trees of Zanzibar, Madagascar, and South America (Trachylobium Hornemannianum, Trachylobium verrucosum, and Hymenæa Courbaril), and dug from earth where forests have stood in Africa; -- used chiefly in making varnishes.
- n. a brittle aromatic resin used in varnishes
- From Spanish copal, from Classical Nahuatl copalli ("incense"). (Wiktionary)
- Spanish, from Nahuatl copalli, resin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Brass articles that have to be cleaned frequently should be covered with oil of turpentine, or thin English copal varnish.”
“It forms a tree 150 to 200 feet in height, and produces a hard, brittle resin-like copal, which is used in varnish.”
“Crown Chakra: To aid in cleansing and opening the spiritual connection and communication of your crown chakra, you might enjoy making use of incenses such as copal, frankincense, juniper, myrrh and sage.”
“[* Thus, at five or six inches depth, between the roots of the Hymenea courbaril, masses of the resin anime (erroneously called copal) are discovered, and are sometimes mistaken for amber in inland places.”
“(* Thus, at five or six inches depth, between the roots of the Hymenea courbaril, masses of the resin anime (erroneously called copal) are discovered, and are sometimes mistaken for amber in inland places.”
“During Day of the Dead, altars are piled high with these offerings, as well as with food, drink and copal incense to guide the visiting spirits towards their home.”
“They burn sage and copal in rituals that are disconnected from their origins—the drum circles take place in the shadows of the Metropolitan Cathedral.”
“The case contains a tree, and the branches of the tree are festooned with hundreds of passenger pigeons cast in orange copal (a million or so years old, an immature form of amber).”
“The smell of burning copal incense filled her senses and she finally felt like she could unwind and collect herself again after her ordeal.”
“They cleanse the atmosphere by lighting candles and copal incense on the gravestones.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘copal’.
"Luciferous Logolepsy is a collection of over 9,000 obscure English words. Though the definition of an 'English' word might seem to be straightforward, it is not. There exist so many adopted, deriv...
"Spanish náhuatl, from Nahuatl, that which pleases the ear, from nahua-, audible, intelligent, clear."
- etymology from The American Heritage Dictionary
A mixture of words that I like or have commented on, along with ones parked here so they'd be listed somewhere or remind me of lists I want to make.
Naturally occurring gums and resins.
Looking for tweets for copal.