American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. One of the ten primitive subdivisions of a tribe in early Rome, consisting of ten gentes.
- n. The assembly place of such a subdivision.
- n. The Roman senate or any of the various buildings in which it met in republican Rome.
- n. The place of assembly of high councils in various Italian cities under Roman administration.
- n. The ensemble of central administrative and governmental services in imperial Rome.
- n. Roman Catholic Church The central administration governing the Church.
- n. A medieval assembly or council.
- n. A medieval royal court of justice.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Roman antiquity: One of the divisions of the citizens of Rome, with reference to locality. The number of the curiæ is given as thirty, but the original number was smaller.
- n. The building in which a curia met for worship or public deliberation. The building in which the senate held its deliberations. A title given to the senate of any one of the Italian cities, as distinguished from the Roman senate.
- n. In medieval legal use, a court, either judicial, administrative, or legislative; a court of justice. In the Norman period of English history the Curia Regis was an assembly which the king was bound to consult on important state matters, and whose consent was necessary for the enactment of laws, the imposition of extraordinary taxes, etc. It consisted nominally of the tenants in chief, but practically it was much more limited. Originally the Curia Regis and the Exchequer were composed of the same persons. From the Curia Regis there developed later the Ordinary Council or Privy Council, and the Courts of King's Bench and Common Pleas. Also
Aula Regiaor Regis.
- n. Specifically, in modern use, the court of the papal see.
- n. historical Any of the subdivisions of a tribe in ancient Rome
- n. historical The Roman senate during the republic
- n. historical Any of several medieval councils or courts of justice
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. One of the thirty parts into which the Roman people were divided by Romulus.
- n. The place of assembly of one of these divisions.
- n. The place where the meetings of the senate were held; the senate house.
- n. (Middle Ages) The court of a sovereign or of a feudal lord; also; his residence or his household.
- n. (Law) Any court of justice.
- n. The Roman See in its temporal aspects, including all the machinery of administration; -- called also
- n. (Roman Catholic Church) the central administration governing the Roman Catholic Church
- Borrowing from Latin curia. (Wiktionary)
- Latin cūria, council, curia; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“And as such the Jews were shy of conversing with him, and expected Christ should be so; but he shows that, being a true penitent, he is become rectus in curia -- upright in court, as good a son of Abraham as if he had never been an publican, which therefore ought not to be mentioned against him.”
“He not only has his sins pardoned, and is furnished with grace sufficient for himself, but, as rectus in curia -- acquitted in court, he is restored to his former honours and trusts.”
“They are recti in curia -- right in court; no sin that ever they have been guilty of shall come against them, to condemn them.”
“At this time, basically all the cardinals and bishops, the senior positions in the curia, which is basically the government of the Vatican if you will, basically lose their jobs including the all-powerful secretary of state, number two until a few moments ago in the Vatican.”
“GALLAGHER: Well, the highest levels, of course, being in the curia, which is the Vatican administration.”
“The court of the king, usually known as the curia regis, consisting as it did of magnates, royal vassals, and court officials (mainly chosen from the baronage), was essentially feudal in spirit and tradition.”
“The greatest interest of the Archbishop and the curia was their supremacy, which was acquired and maintained by such commercial dealings.”
“Nor should it be in the opposite process, which was equally easy, as when the Saxon chronicler, led by the superficial resemblance and overlooking the great institutional difference, called the curia of William by the Saxon name of witenagemot.”
“The _Comitia Centuriata_ elected the magistrates and made laws, and formed the highest court of appeal, but all its decisions had to be sanctioned by the curiae, although in course of time the curia was a formality.”
“He is at present an escaped prisoner, the law has an awkward claim upon him; he must be placed rectus in curia, that is the first object; for which purpose, Colonel, I will accompany you in your carriage down to Hazlewood House.”
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