American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Biology The existence among animals of the same species of two distinct forms that differ in one or more characteristics, such as coloration, size, or shape.
- n. Botany The occurrence of two distinct forms of the same parts in one plant, as in the juvenile and adult leaves of ivy.
- n. Chemistry & Physics Dimorphic crystallization.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The property of assuming or of existing under two distinct forms. Specifically
- n. In crystallography, the property of assuming two distinct crystalline forms not derivable from each other, as by crystallization. Thus, sulphur assumes one form when crystallizing at a high temperature, and another wholly different when becoming solid at the ordinary temperature. Hence, the same chemical substance may form two or more distinct mineral species. Carbon in one form is the diamond, in another graphite, etc.
- n. In botany, the occurrence of two distinct forms of flowers or other parts upon the same plant, or upon plants of the same species.
- n. In zoology, difference of form, structure, size, coloration, etc., between individuals of the same species. Sexual dimorphism is the rule in the animal kingdom; and differences between the male and female other than in the sexual organs, as well as constant differences between individuals of each sex, without reference to sex, are instances of dimorphism.
- n. In philology, the existence of a word under two or more forms called doublets; thus, dent and dint, fat and vat, church and kirk, exhibit dimorphism developed within English, and card and chart, choir, quire, and chorus, reason, ration, ratio, etc., exhibit dimorphism arising outside of English.
- n. In petrography, modifications produced within the magma of an igneous rock by mineralizing or crystallizing agents before its solidification.
- n. biology The occurrence within a plant of two distinct forms of any part.
- n. biology The occurrence in an animal species of two distinct types of individual.
- n. geology A property of certain substances that enables them to exist in two distinct crystalline forms.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Biol.) Difference of form between members of the same species, as when a plant has two kinds of flowers, both hermaphrodite (as in the partridge berry), or when there are two forms of one or both sexes of the same species of butterfly.
- n. (Crystallog.) Crystallization in two independent forms of the same chemical compound, as of calcium carbonate as calcite and aragonite.
- n. (biology) the existence of two forms of individual within the same animal species (independent of sex differences)
- n. (chemistry) the property of certain substances that enables them to exist in two distinct crystalline forms
- di- + -morphism (Wiktionary)
“In the case of the flower, where similar diversity of form occasionally exists, the term dimorphism is used.”
“The other possible explanation was sexual dimorphism, that is, size differences between males and females.”
“Some estimates put the rate of evolutionary change of sexual dimorphism, that is, trait differences between sexes, between 1 and 2 orders of magnitude slower than conventional population level evolution.”
“a condition is called dimorphism; those minerals which crystallise in three systems are said to be trimorphous.”
“Someone isn’t familar with sexual dimorphism, which is common in many species.”
“As we do not exhibit the sexual dimorphism which is the norm in such organisms, it goes to show the plasticity of outcome due to the flexibility of human cultural forms.”
“And my recent concentration on language regarding union or marriage types (homogamy and heterogamy), on the one hand, and sexual dimorphism/gender on the other, made me sensitive to my first lesson.”
“There might be something to the sexual dimorphism suggestion.”
“Mate preferences are influenced by sexual dimorphism.”
“Less sexual dimorphism in Neanderthals than humans, as Neanderthal women hunted with the women — they apparently did relatively little gathering of wild plants.”
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A hodgepodge, jumble, jambalaya, *gallimaufry, circus and tent revival of plant anatomy and morphology terms and phrases - its a big tent, and no tickets are required.
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