from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A member of a duumvirate.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. One of two persons jointly exercising the same office in Republican Rome.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of two Roman officers or magistrates united in the same public functions.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Roman history, one of two officers or magistrates united in the same public function.


Latin : duum, genitive pl. of duo, two; see dwo- in Indo-European roots + vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin duo ("two") + vir ("man"). (Wiktionary)


  • They stayed in the comfortable coolness of the house of the chief ethnarch, though these days he was a Roman citizen, and pretended he was more at ease being called a duumvir than an ethnarch.

    The Grass Crown

  • Malluch lingered to say, quickly, "The duumvir was a Roman, yet I see his son in the garments of a Jew."

    Ben-Hur, a tale of the Christ

  • It had been vowed by the Dictator Postumius in the Latin war; his son was appointed "duumvir" for its dedication.

    The History of Rome, Vol. I

  • In this same colony my father attained to the post of duumvir and became the foremost citizen of the place, after filling all the municipal offices of honour.

    The Defense

  • "On whose authority do you presume to execute in the forum of Minturnae a man who has been consul of Rome six times — a hero?" asked the senior duumvir.

    The Grass Crown

  • The moment the troop had ridden off, the duumvir nodded to his beadles.

    The Grass Crown

  • "Ah, Burgundus, just the man I need!" said the duumvir (whose colleague, a less forceful man, had mysteriously disappeared).

    The Grass Crown

  • V.F. Philippus_; the meaning, according to the older interpretation, will be: "Philippus beseeches M. Holconius Priscus, duumvir of justice, to favor or patronize him;" whereas the true sense is:

    Museum of Antiquity A Description of Ancient Life

  • "Philippus beseeches you to create M. Holconius Priscus a duumvir of justice."

    Museum of Antiquity A Description of Ancient Life

  • During the same year, on the ides of July, the temple of Castor was dedicated: it had been vowed during the Latin war in the dictatorship of Posthumius: his son, who was elected duumvir for that special purpose, dedicated it.

    The History of Rome, Books 01 to 08

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