American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. One of three men sharing public administration or civil authority in ancient Rome.
- n. One of three people sharing public administration or civil authority.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One of three men united in office; specifically, in ancient Rome, a member of one of several groups of joint magistrates chosen for various purposes, as for establishing colonies, revising the lists of knights, guarding against fires by night, or to fill various extraordinary commissions on special occasions. Among the more important of these magistrates were the triumviri capitales, who were elected by the people, and whose duty it was to inquire into capital crimes, to arrest offenders, to superintend the prisons, and to cause the execution of condemned persons. They could punish summarily slaves and persons of the lowest class. See
- n. One member of a triumvirate
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Rom. Antiq.) One of tree men united in public office or authority.
- n. one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rome
- Middle English back-formation from triumvirate. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Latin, back-formation from triumvirī, board of three, from trium virum, of three men : trium, genitive pl. of trēs, three; + virum, archaic genitive pl. of vir, man. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Reportedly Phillips was sandbagged, gulled into believing that ex-HP CEO Mark Hurd was going to come into Oracle as some kind of triumvir alongside him and his fellow president”
“Eveh tr’Anierh was what, in the language she had recently begun practicing to think in again after a brief hiatus, would have been called a triumvir.”
“a "triumvir," joined the senators in planning his ruin.”
“This left the third triumvir, Lepidus, with responsibility for the province of Africa, and Octavian with jurisdiction over Italy and the unpopular task of repossessing land and redistributing it among the military troops who had been promised a reward for supporting the triumvirs against Brutus and Cassius.”
“In 27 BC, three years after the deaths of Antony and Cleopatra, Octavian made a great show of renouncing the extraordinary dictatorial powers granted him as a triumvir, pledging to restore the Republic and declining the trappings of despotic kingship.”
“I leave it to you to decide how much of all this should be disseminated—Octavianus would make much of it, I fear, to the point of declaring war on his fellow triumvir.”
“But first Agrippa spread out a big map on the large table that served as a culling area for the myriad papers a busy triumvir collected in the course of his duties: Italia from the Adriatic to the Tuscan Sea, Sicilia, and Africa Province.”
“I am not a triumvir anymore, and if the early days of the war should go against me, some aspiring wolf on the front benches will spill me—Livia Drusilla, my hold on power is so tenuous!”
“As to the holy heart of Rome the great triumvir passed.”
“The triumvir, Power, has under him all the magistrates of arms, of artillery, of cavalry, of foot-soldiers, of architects, and of strategists; and the masters and many of the most excellent workmen obey the magistrates, the men of each art paying allegiance to their respective chiefs.”
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