from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. electrolysis
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act or the process of electrolyzing.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of electrolyzing. Also spelled electrolysation.
The true composition of the salts thus formed by copper and cyanide of potassium has not yet been determined, but their relations to the battery and electrolyzation are peculiar.
Though a compound formed by very powerful affinity, it yields up its elements under the influence of a very feeble electric current; and it is doubtful whether a case of electrolyzation can occur, where, being present, it is not resolved into its first principles.
Yet we have it under perfect command; can evolve, direct, and employ it at pleasure; and when it has performed its full work of electrolyzation, it has only separated the elements of _a single grain of water_.
This discharge, whether it be by conduction through a wire with infinite velocity (1652.), or by electrolyzation with its corresponding and exceeding slow motion (1651.), or by spark, and probably even by convection, produces a transverse magnetic action always the same in kind and direction.
In concluding this division _on the intensity necessary for electrolyzation_, I cannot resist pointing out the following remarkable conclusion in relation to intensity generally.
But, besides that, many which before resisted electrolyzation, now yielded up their elements.
Thus nitric acid proves to be the best for this purpose; its superiority appears to depend upon its favouring the electrolyzation of the liquid in the cells of the trough upon the principles already explained
_Contact of metals_ not necessary for electrolyzation, 879.
Hence I conclude that the nitric acid does not undergo electrolyzation, but the water only; that the oxygen at the _anode_ is always a primary result, but that the products at the _cathode_ are often secondary, and due to the reaction of the hydrogen upon the nitric acid.
The new mode of discharge which electrolyzation presents must surely be an evidence of the _action of contiguous particles_; and as this appears to depend directly upon a previous inductive state, which is the same with common induction, it greatly strengthens the argument which refers induction in all cases to an action of contiguous particles also (1295, &c.).
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